Advertisement

Development of Superconductors based on C60

  • Katsumi Tanigaki
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 81)

Abstract

Development in an alkali-metal C60 fulleride superconductor family is described. An overview of conductivity and superconductivity in these materials is given, focusing on the crystal structure and the behavior of conduction electrons in the system. Usual and unusual properties of this new class of materials are discussed when they are compared to the conventional metals and superconductors.

Keywords

Alkali Metal Knight Shift Alkali Metal Atom Conventional Metal Metallic Property 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    For example, M. Tinkham, “Introduction to Superconductivity”, McGrraw-Hill, Inc., 1975.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    J. G. Bednorz and K. A. Müller, Z. Phys. B., Condensed Matter Vol.64, 1986, pp.189–193ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. for a review, N. Tsuda, K. Nasu, A. Fujimori and K. Siratori, “Electron Conduction i Oxides”, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1991.Google Scholar
  4. [3]
    R. J. Cava, H. Takagi, B. Batlogg, H. W. Zandbergen, J. J. Krajewski, W. F. Peck, Jr, R. B. van Dover, R. J. Felder, T. Siegrist, K. Mizuhashi, J. O. Lee, H. Eisaki, S. A. Carter and S. Uchida, Nature Vol.367, 1994, p.146.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [4]
    R. L. Greene, G. B. Street and L. J. Suter, Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol.34, 1975, p.577.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [5]
    W. Little, Phys. Rev. Vol.A134, 1964, p.1416.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [6]
    D. Jerome, A. Mazaud, M. Ribault, J. Bechgaad, J. Phys. Lett. Vol.L-95, 1980, p.41.Google Scholar
  8. [7]
    H. W. Kroto, J. R.Heath, C. O’Brien, R. F. Curl and R. E. Smalley, Nature, 318, 162, 1985.Google Scholar
  9. [8]
    W. Kriitschmer, L. D. Lamb, K. Fostiropoulos and D. R. Huffman, Nature Vol. 347, (1990), p.354.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [9]
    R. C. Haddon, A. F. Hebard, M. J. Rosseinsky, D. W. Murphy, S. J. Duclos, K. B. Lyons, B. Miller, J. M. Rosamilia, R. M. Fleming, A. R. Kortan, S. H. Glarum, A. V. Makhija, A. J. Muller, R. H. Flick, S. M. Zahurak, R. Tycko, G. Dabbagh and F. A. Thiel, Nature, Vol.350, 1991, p.320.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [10]
    A. F. Hebard, M. J. Rosseinsky, R. C. Haddon, D. W. Murphy, S. H. Glarum, T. T. M. Palstra, A. P. Ramirez and A. R. Kortan, Nature, Vol.350, 1991, p.600ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. A. F. Hebard, Physics Today, November 1992, p.26.Google Scholar
  13. [11]
    D. W. Murphy, M. J. Rosseinsky, R. M. Fleming, R. Tycko, A. P. Ramirez, R. C. Haddon, T. Siegrist, G. Dabbagh, J. C. Tully and R. E. Walstedt, J. Phys. Chem., Vo.53, 1992, p.1321.ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. [12]
    K. Tanigaki, I. Hirosawa, T. W. Ebbesen, J. Mizuki and J. S. Tsai, J. Phys. Chem. Solids, Vol.54, 1993, p.1645.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [13]
    Y. Chai, T. Guo, C. Jin, R. E. Haufler, L. P. F. Chibante, J. Fure, L. Wang, J. M. Alford and R. E. Smalley, J. Phys. Chem. Vol.95, 1991, p.7564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [14]
    H. Shinohara, H. Sato, M. Ohkohchi, Y. Ando, T. Kodama, T. Shida, T. Kato and Y. Saito, Nature Vol.357, 1992, p.52.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [15]
    R. D. Jhonson, M. S. Varies, J. Salem, D. S. Bethune and C. S. Yannoni, Nature Vol.355, 1992, p.239.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [16]
    P. Lauginie, H. Estrade, J. Conard, D. Duérard, P. Lagrange and M. E. Makrini, Physica Vol.B99, 1980, p.514.Google Scholar
  19. [17]
    A. R. Kortan, N. Kophylov, S. Glarum, E. M. Gyorgy, A. P. Ramirez, R. M. Fleming, F. A. Thiel and R. C. Haddon, Nature Vol.355, 1992, p.529.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [18]
    A. R. Kortan, N. Kophylov, S. Glarum, E. M. Gyorgy, A. P. Ramirez, R. M. Fleming, O. Zhou, F. A. Thiel, P. L. Trevor and R. C. Haddon, Nature Vol.360, 1992, p.566.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [19]
    E. Özdas, A. R. Kortan, N. Kopylov, A. P. Ramirez, T. Siegrist, K. M. Rabe, H. E. Bair, S. Schuppler and P. H. Citrin, Nature Vol.375, 1995, p.126.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. E. Ozdas, A. R. Kortan, N. Kopylov, S. M. Glarum, R. C. Haddon, R. M. Fleming, A. P. Ramirez, abstract of MRS Fall meeting, 1994, G.4.7.Google Scholar
  23. [20]
    H. Yoshikawa, S. Kuroshima, I. Hirosawa, K. Tanigaki and J. Mizuki, “Eu Fullerides Formation Studied by Photoemission Spectroscopy”, Chem. Phys. Lett. Vol.239, 1995, p.103.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [21]
    Y. Wang, D. Tomânek, G. F. Bertsch, R. S. Ruoff, Phys. Rev. B., Vol.47, 1993, p.6711.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [22]
    A. Rösen and B. Wästberg, J. Chem. Phys. Vol.90, 1989, p.2525.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [23]
    P. W. Stephens, L. Mihaly, P. L. Lee, R. L. Whetten, S.-M. Huang, R. Kaner, F. Deiderich and K. Holczer, Nature Vol.351, 1991, p.632.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [24]
    A. R. Ubbelohde, L. A. Lewis, “Graphite and its crystal compounds,” Oxford (1960).Google Scholar
  28. [25]
    R. M. Fleming, M. J. Rosseinsky, A. P. Ramirez, D. W. Murphy, J. C. Tully, R. C. Haddon, T. Siegrist, R. Tycko, S. H. Glarum, P. Marsh, G. Dabbagh, S. M. Zahurak, A. V. Makhija and C. Hampton, Nature, Vol.352, 1991, 701.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [26]
    Q. Zhu, D. E. Cox, J. E. Fischer, K. Kniaz, A. R. McGhie and O. Zhou, Nature Vol.355, 1992, p.712.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [27]
    M. J. Rosseinsky, D. W. Murphy, R. M. Fleming, R. Tycko, A. P. Ramirez, T. Siegrist, G. Dabbagh and S. E. Barrett, Nature, Vol.356, 1992, p.416ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. For a review, J. Materials Chemistry, Vol.5, 1995, p.1497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [28]
    T. Yildirim, O. Zhou, J. E. Fischer, N. Bykovetz, R. A. Strongin, M. A. Cichy, A. B. Smith, C. L. Lin and R. Jelinek, Nature Vol.360, 1992, p.568.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [29]
    T. T. M. Palstra, O. Zhou, Y. Iwasa, P. E. Sulewski, R. M. Fleming and B. R. Zegarski, Solid State Commun. Vol.92, 1994, 71.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [30]
    T. Yildirim, O. Zhou, J. E. Fischer, N. Bykovetz, R. A. Strongin, M. A. Cichy, A. B. Smith, C. L. Lin and R. Jelinek, Nature Vol.360, 1992, 568.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [31]
    M. Baeniz, M. Heinze, K. Lüders, H. Werner, R. Schlagl, M. Weiden, G. Sparn and F. Steglich, Solid State Comun. Vol.96, 1995, p.539.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [32]
    I. Hirosawa, K. Tanigaki, J. Mizuki, T. W. Ebbesen, Y. Shimakawa, Y. Kubo, and S. Kuroshima, Solid State Commun., Vol.82, 1992, p.979.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [33]
    Y. Maniwa, K. Mizoguchi, K. Kume, K. Tanigaki, T. W. Ebbesen, S. Saito, J. Mizuki, J. S. Tsai, Y. Kubo, Solid State Commun., Vol.82, 1992, p.783.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [34]
    K. Tanigaki, I. Hirosawa, J. Mizuki and T. W. Ebbesen, Chem Phys. Letters Vol.213, 1993, 395.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [35]
    O. Zhou, R. M. Fleming, D. W. Murphy, M. J. Rosseinsky, A. P. Ramirez, R. B. van Dover and R. C. Haddon, Nature Vol.362, 1993, p.433.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. [36]
    S. C. Erwin and W. E. Pickett, Science Vol.254, 1991, p.842ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. For a review, M. P. Gelfand, Superconductivity Review, Vol.1, 1994, p.103.Google Scholar
  42. [37]
    S. Saito and A. Oshiyama, Phys. Rev. B Vol.44, 1991, p.11536.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. [38]
    W. Andreoni, P. Giannozzi and M. Parrinello, Phys. Rev. B. Vol.51, 1994, p.2087.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. [39]
    Y. Maniwa, T. Saito, A. Ohi, K. Mizoguchi, K. Kume, K. Kikuchi, I. Ikemoto, S. Suzuki, Y. Achiba, M. Kosaka, K. Tanigaki and T. W. Ebbesen, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. Vol.63, 1994, p.1139.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. [40]
    R. Tycko, G. Dabbagh, M. J. Rosseinsky, D. W. Murphy, R. M. Fleming, A. P. Ramirez and J. C. Tulley, Science Vol.253, 1991, p.884.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. [41]
    P. J. Benning, J. L. Martins, J. H. Weaver, L. P. E. Chibante and R. E. Smalley, Science Vol.252, 1991, p.1417.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. [42]
    T. Takahashi, S. Suzuki, T. Morikawa, H. Katayama-Yoshida, S. Hasegawa, H. inokuchi, K. Seki, K. Kikuchi, S. Suzuki, K. Ikemoto and Y. Achiba, Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol.68, 1992, p.1232.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. [43]
    Y. Iwasa, K. Tanaka, T. Yasubda, T. Koda and S. Koda, Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol.69, 1992, 2284.Google Scholar
  49. [44]
    L. Degiorgi, G. Gruner, P. Wachter, S.-M. Huang, J. Wiley, R. L. Whetten, R. B. Kaner, K. Holczer and F. Diedrich, Phys. Rev. B Vol.46, 1992, p.11250.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. [45]
    T. Inabe, H. Ogata, Y. Maruyama, Y. Achiba, S. Suzuki, K. Kikuchi and I. Ikemoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol.69, 1992, p.3797.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. [46]
    K. Holczer, S. Klein, H. Alloul, Y. Yoshinari, F. Hippert, S.-M. Huang, R. B. Kaner and R. L.Whetten, Europhys. Lett. Vol.23, 1993, 63.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. [47]
    A. P. Ramirez, M. J. Rosseinsky, D. W. Murphy and R. C. Haddon, Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol.69, 1992, p.1687ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. For a review, Superconductivity Review, Vol.1, 1994, 1.Google Scholar
  54. [48]
    K. Tanigaki, I. Hirosawa, T. W. Ebbesen, J. Mizuki, Y. Shimakawa, Y. Kubo, J. S. Tsai and S. Kuroshima, Nature Vol.356, 1992, p.419.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. [49]
    M. J. Rosseinsky, D. W. Murphy, R. M. Fleming, R. Tycko, A. P. Ramirez, T. Siegrist, G. Dabbagh and S. E. Barrett, Nature Vol.356, 1992, 416.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. [50]
    K. Tanigaki, T. W. Ebbesen, S. Saito, J. Mizuki, J. S. Tsai, Y. Shimakawa, Y. Kubo and S. Kuroshima, Nature Vol.352, 1991, p.222.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. [51]
    M. J. Rosseinsky, A. P. Ramirez, S. H. Glarum, D. W. Murphy, R. C. Haddon, A. F. Hebard, T. T. M. Palstra, A. R. Kortan, S. M. Zahurak, and A. V. Makhija, Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol.66, 1991, p.2830.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. [52]
    R. M. Fleming, A. P. Ramirez, M. J. Rosseinsky, D. W. Murphy, R. C. Haddon, S. M. Zahurak and A. V. Makhijia, Nature Vol.352, 1991, p.787.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. [53]
    M. Kosaka, K. Tanigaki, T. W. Ebbesen, Y. Nakahara and K. Tateishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. Vol.63, 1993, p.2561.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. [54]
    J. Winter and H. Kuzmany, Solid State Commun. Vol.84, 1992, p.935.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. [55]
    P. C. Ekuland, P. Zhou, K. A. Wang, G. Dresselhaus, M. S. Dresselhaus, J. Phys. Chem. Solids Vol.53, 1992, p.1391.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. [56]
    K. Prassides, J. Tomkinson, C. Christides, M. J. Rosseinsky, D. W. Murphy and R. C. Haddon, Nature Vol.354, 1991, p.462.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. [57]
    K. Prassides, C. Christides, M. J. Rosseinsky, J. Tomkinson, D. W. Murphy and R. C. Haddon, Europhys. Letters, Vol.19, 1992, p.629.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. [58]
    A. P. Ramirez, A. R. Kortan, M. J. Rosseinsky, S. J. Duclos, A. M. Mujsce, R. C. Haddon, D. W. Murphy, A. V. Makhija, S. M. Zahurak and K. B. Lyons, Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol.68, 1992, p.1058.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. [59]
    T. W. Ebbesen, J. S. Tsai, K. Tanigaki, J. Tabuchi, Y. Shimakawa, Y. Kubo, I. Hirosawa and J. Mizuki, Nature Vol.355, 1992, p.620.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. [60]
    T. W. Ebbesen T. W. J. S. Tsai, K. Tanigaki, H. Hiura, Y. Shimakawa, Y. Kubo, I. Hirosawa and J. Mizuki, Phys. C., Vol.203, 1992, p.163.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. [61]
    O. Zhou, G. B. M. Vaughan, Q. Zhu, J. E. Fischer, P. A. Heiney, N. Coustel, J. P. MacCauley and A. B. Smith III, Science 255, 833 (1992).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. [62]
    Sparn, Thompson J.D., Whetten R.L., Huang S.-M., Kaner R. B., Diederich F., Gruner G. and Holzer K., Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol.68, 1992, p.1228.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. [63]
    G. Spare, J. D. Thompson, S.-M. Huang, R. B. Kaner, F. Diederich, R. L. Whetten, G. Grune and K. Holzer, Science Vol.252, 1991, p.1829.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. [64]
    G. Zimmer, M. Helmle, F. Rachdi and M. Mehring, Europhys. Lett. Vol.27, 1994, p.543..ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. [65]
    P. J. Benning, F. Stepniak and J. H. Weaver, Phys. Rev. B Vol.48, 1993, p.9086.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. [66]
    M. Knupfer, M. Merkel, M. S. Golden and J. Fink, Phys. Rev. B Vol.47, 1993, p.13944.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. [67]
    T. T. M. Palstra, A. F. Hebard and R. C. Haddon, Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol.68, 1992, p.1054.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. [68]
    X.-D. Xiang, J. H. Hou, G. Briceno, W. A. Vareka, R. Mostovoy, A. Zettle, V. H. Crespi and M. L. Cohen, Science Vol.256, 1992, p.1190ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. X.-D. Xiang, J. H. Hou, V. H. Crespi, A. Zettl and M. L. Cohen, Nature Vol.361, 1993, p.54.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. [69]
    Y. Maruyama, T. Inabe, H. Ogata, Y Achiba, S. Suzuki, K. Kikuchi and I. Ikemoto, Chem. Lett., 1991, p.1849Google Scholar
  77. Y. Maruyama, T. Inabe, M. Ogata, Y. Achiba, K. Kikuchi, S. Suzuki and I. Ikemoto, Mater. Sci. and Eng. B Vol.19, 1993, p.162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. [70]
    M. L. Cohen, Mater. Sci. and Eng. B Vol.19, 1993, p.111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. [71]
    W.A. Vareka and A. Zettl, Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol.72, 1994, p.4121.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. [72]
    T. T. M. Palstra and R. C. Haddon, Solid State Commun. Vol.92, 1994, 71.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. [73]
    W. H. Wong, M. E. Hanson, W. G. Clark, G. Grüner, J. D. Thompson, R. L. Whetten, S. M. Humng, R. B. Kaner, F. Diedrich, P. Petit, J. J. Andre and K. Holczer, Europhys. Lett. Vol.18, 1992, p.79.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. [74]
    A. Jànossy, O. Chauvet, S. Pekker, J. R. Cooper and L. Forró, Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol.71, 1993, p.1091.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. [75]
    M. Kosaka, K. Tanigaki and I. Hirosawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol.72, 1994, p.3130.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. [76]
    K. Tanigaki, M. Kosaka, T. Manako, Y. Kubo, I. Hirosawa, K. Uchida and K. Prassides, Chem. Phys. Letters, Vol.240, 1995, p.627.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. [77]
    K. Tanigaki and K. Prassides, J. Materials Chemistry, Vol.5, 1995, p.1515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. [78]
    T. Saito, Y. Maniwa, K. Kume, I. Hirosawa, M. Kosaka and K. Tanigaki, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn., Vol.64, 1995, p.4513.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. [79]
    R. J. Elliott, Phys. Rev. Vol.96, 1954, p.266.ADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. [80]
    A. Oshiyama and S. Saito, Solid State Commun., Vol.82, 1992, p.41.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. [81]
    S. Suzuki, A. Nakao, Phys. Rev. B, Vol. 52, 1995, p.14206.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katsumi Tanigaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Fundamental Research LaboratoriesNEC CorporationTsukuba 305Japan

Personalised recommendations