Toward Future Research

  • Meigen Liu
  • Shigenobu Ishigami


Stroke is the number-one disability group with regard to patient numbers and the impact upon health care systems. To improve our management skills and the quality of rehabilitation programs, we need to evaluate our patients objectively and predict their functional outcomes as early and as accurately as possible. In this chapter, the methodological problems related to stroke outcome research and directions for the future are discussed. We need to develop a valid and reliable set of standardized measures of stroke pathology, comorbidity, impairment, disability, handicap, and life satisfaction that could be uniformly and internationally used. Future studies should follow well-designed and standardized protocols including patient selection, measures used, acquisition, management, and analysis of data so that different studies could be compared and conclusions generalized. In addition, international cooperative research would provide us with an unique opportunity to acquire further insight into the problems related to stroke rehabilitation, and refinement of the methodology in this area is needed.


Life Satisfaction Functional Independence Measure American Spinal Injury Association Medical Rehabilitation Functional Independence Measure Score 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meigen Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shigenobu Ishigami
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineSaitama Prefecture General Rehabilitation CenterAgeo City, Saitama 361Japan
  2. 2.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineKeio University School of MedicineShinjyuku-ku, Tokyo 160Japan
  3. 3.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineNational Defense Medical CollegeTokorozawa City, Saitama 359Japan

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