Advertisement

Requirements for Lake Management

  • Charles R. Goldman
  • M. R. James
  • W. Vant
  • C. Severne

Abstract

Fresh water, the most essential resource, is in increasingly short supply globally and is likely to be the cause of future conflicts. As an essential but seriously undervalued “commodity”, it should take its place among the other well-known commodities and be better managed by world governments. Aquatic ecosystems worldwide are under increasing anthropogenic stress. This situation necessitates a more rapid conversion of scientific studies into effective management decisions. Atmospheric-borne pollution of the world’s ecosystems demonstrates the importance of achieving a global perspective as we are forced to face the growing challenge of declining environmental quality. The conservation of lakes and streams as well as the protection of drinking water sources is now of urgent concern. The continuing loss of clarity in Lake Tahoe provides a vivid example of the problems being faced globally. Lake Tahoe is losing its remarkable Secchi transparency at an annual rate of 0.3 meters as algal growth rates increase concomitantly. A multidisciplinary approach has been essential to developing effective management strategies at Tahoe and elsewhere for solving increasingly complex environmental problems. Long-term data collection, including paleolimnological studies of sedimentation and pollutants, has been key to better understanding and managing the lake, its surrounding watershed, and basin air quality. Previously, many policy decisions by regulatory agencies were based on scanty short-term data that were methodologically lacking or subject to superficial interpretation. The latter case was exemplified by a brief drought-related improvement in transparency at Tahoe. Educating the public and their political leadership is increasingly a very important task for the scientific community. Modern ecologists and limnologists have a responsibility to help meet the growing global challenge for restoration and preservation of threatened water supplies. Strong environmental science based on long-term studies must be at the forefront in developing improved adaptive management practices for both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems worldwide.

Keywords

Water Quality Management Plan Water Clarity Regional Council Indigenous Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Byron, E. R., And C. R. Goldman. 1990. The potential effects of global warming on the primary productivity of a subalpine lake. Water Resources Bull. 26: 983–989.Google Scholar
  2. Edmondson, W.T. 1991. The Uses of Ecology: Lake Washington and Beyond. Univ. Washington Press. 329 p.Google Scholar
  3. Goldman, C. R. 1963. The measurement of primary productivity and limiting factors in freshwater with Carbon-14, p. 103–113. In M. S. Doty [ed.], Proc. Conf. on Primary Productivity Measurement, Marine and Freshwater. U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Report No. TID-7633.Google Scholar
  4. Goldman, C. R. 1978. Ecological aspects of iceberg transport from Antarctic waters, p. 642–651. In A. A. Husseiny [ed.], Iceberg Utilization. Proc., First Internat. Conf., Ames, IAGoogle Scholar
  5. Goldman, C. R. 1994. The Sea of Aral, p. 137. In M. Seely [ed.], Deserts. Weldon Owen Pty Limited, McMahons Point, NSW, Australia.Google Scholar
  6. Goldman, C. R. 2000a. Baldi Lecture. Four decades of change in two subalpine lakes. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 27: 7–26.Google Scholar
  7. Goldman, C. R. 2000b. Management-driven limnological research. Arch. Hydrobiol. Spec. Issues Advanc. Limnol. 55: 257–269.Google Scholar
  8. Goldman, C. R. , and E. Amezaga. 1984. Primary productivity and precipitation at Castle Lake and Lake Tahoe during twenty-four years. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 22: 591–599Google Scholar
  9. Abiya, I. 2001. Awareness creation and partnerships towards the management of lakes in Kenya. In Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on the Conservation and Management of Lakes, Otsu, Japan: 364–367Google Scholar
  10. Aldo, M., A. Lami, S. Musazzi, J. Massaferro, L. Langone, and P. Guilizzoni. 2002. Lake Maggiore (N.Italy) trophic history: fossil diatoms, plant pigments, chironomids and comparisons with long-term limnological data. Quaternary International, in press.Google Scholar
  11. ANON, 1990. Levin scheme wins IPENZ Environmental Award. New Zealand Engineering 45: 23–26.Google Scholar
  12. ANON,. 2002. Tourism trends in the Taupo District. Destination Taupo, Taupo, New ZealandGoogle Scholar
  13. BOPCC, 1975. Upper Kaituna catchment control scheme. Bay of Plenty Catchment Commission, Whakatane, New Zealand.Google Scholar
  14. Donahue, M. J. 1996. A new era for regional water resources management: a Great Lakes case study. The 1996 Wayne S Nichols Memorial Fund Program, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.Google Scholar
  15. Elliott, A. H., and M. J. Stroud. 2001. Prediction of nutrient loads entering Lake Taupo under various landuse scenarios. NI WA Client Report EV W01224. National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Hamilton.Google Scholar
  16. Gomez, Y. B. 2001. Watershed management advocacy and awareness building at the local level: the experience of the Philippine Watershed Management Coalition (PWMC). In Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on the Conservation and Management of Lakes, Otsu, Japan. Session 2: 377–380.Google Scholar
  17. Hadfield, J., D. Nicole, M. Rosen, C. Wilson, and U. Morgenstern. 2001. Hydrolgeology of Lake Taupo catchment—Phase 1. Environment Waikato technical report 2001/01. Environment Waikato, Hamilton.Google Scholar
  18. Hall, J. A., G. W. Payne, and E. White. 2002. Nutrient bioassays on phytoplankton from Lake Taupo. NIWA Client Report EVW01229. NIWA, Hamilton.Google Scholar
  19. Hehanussa, P. E. 2001. Changing perspective of Indonesian water law, its relevance to lake management and conservation. In Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on the Conservation and Management of Lakes, Otsu, Japan. Session 5: 357–360.Google Scholar
  20. Howland, W. G. 2001. Lake Champlain Basin Program: the structure of a model watershed partnership. In Proceedings of the 9`h International Conference on the Conservation and Management of Lakes, Otsu, Japan. Session 5: 618–621.Google Scholar
  21. Korth, R. M. and L. L. Klessig. 1990. Overcoming the tragedy of the commons: alternative lake management institutions at the community level. Lake and Reservoir Management 6 (2): 219–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kurtycz, A. 2001. Citizen participation and the communication dynamics. The case of Mexico. In Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on the Conservation and Management of Lakes, Otsu, Japan. Session 2: 373–376.Google Scholar
  23. LWAG, 1999. Lake Taupo Accord (draft). Lakes and Waterways Action Group, Taupo, New Zealand.Google Scholar
  24. Morgenstern, U. 2001. Age interpretation of tritium data from Mapara Stream water. IGNS Report to Environment Waikato. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences, Wellington.Google Scholar
  25. Mwiva, R. N. 2001. Environmental restoration of Lake Victoria. In Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on the Conservation and Management of Lakes, Otsu, Japan. Session 5: 162–165.Google Scholar
  26. Oliver, J. 1995. Is the “limits of acceptable change” concept useful for environmental managers? A case study from the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. In G. C. Grigg, P. T. Hale and D. C. Lunney [eds.], Conservation through sustainable use of wildlife. Centre for Conservation Biology, university of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.Google Scholar
  27. Oliver, J. 1995. Organising Committee of the 9th International Conference on the Conservation and Management of Lakes Society and the water environment of Lake Biwa and the Yodo River Basn. 2001. Brochure edited and published by the Organising Committee of the 9`11 International Conference on the Conservation and Management of Lakes, Otsu, Japan.Google Scholar
  28. Ruggiu, D., Morabito, G., Panzani, P., and A. Pugnetti. 1998. Trends and relations among basic phytoplankton characteristics in the course of the long-term oligotrophication of Lake Maggiore (Italy). Hydrobiologia 369 /370: 243–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rutherford, J. C., Pridmore, R.D., and E. White. 1989. Management of phosphorus and nitrogen inputs to Lake Rotorua, New Zealand. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, ASCE, 115: 431–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rutherford, J. C., R. B. Williamson, and A. B. Cooper. 1987. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and oxygen dynamics in rivers. In A. B. Viner [ed.], Inland waters of New Zealand. DSIR Bulletin 241. Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Wellington. p. 139–165.Google Scholar
  31. Schouten, C. J., Terzaghi, W., and Y. Gordon. 1981. Summaries of water quality and mass transport data for the Lake Taupo catchment, New Zealand. Water & Soil Miscellaneous Publication 24. Ministry of Works and Development, Wellington.Google Scholar
  32. Spigel, R., C. Howard-Williams, M. James, M. M. Gibbs. 2001. A coupled hydrodynamic-ecosystem study of Lake Taupo: a preliminary model. NIWA Client Report CHC01/52. NIWA, Christchurch.Google Scholar
  33. Tuwharetoa Strategic Plan. 2000. unpub held by Tuwharetoa Maori Trust Board, Taupo, New Zealand.Google Scholar
  34. Uttormark, P. D., and M. L. Hutchins. 1980. Input/output models as decision aids for lake restoration. Water Resources Bulletin 16: 494–500.Google Scholar
  35. Vant, B. 2001. Changes at Lake Taupo: the early warning signs? New Zealand Limnological Society 2001 Conference Abstracts, p. 21Google Scholar
  36. Vant, B. and B.Huser. 2000. Effects of intensifying catchment land-use on the water quality of Lake Taupo. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 60: 261–264.Google Scholar
  37. Vant, W. N. 2001. New challenges for the management of plant nutrients and pathogens in the Waikato River, New Zealand. Water Science and Technology 43: 137–144.Google Scholar
  38. Vant, W. N., and B. W. Gilliland. 1991. Changes in water quality in Lake Horowhenua following sewage diversion. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 25: 57–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Watzin, M. C. 2001. Developing ecosystem indicators and an environmental score card for the Lake Champlain Basin Programme. In Proceedings of the 9lb International Conference on the Conservation and Management of Lakes, Otsu, Japan. Session 4: 433.Google Scholar
  40. White, E., and G. W. Payne. 1977. Chlorophyll production, in response to nutrient additions, by the algae in Lake Taupo water. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 11: 501–507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. White, E., S. Pickmere, and P. Woods. 1986. Nutrient demand and availability related to growth among natural assemblages of phytoplankton. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 20: 199–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles R. Goldman
    • 1
  • M. R. James
    • 2
  • W. Vant
    • 3
  • C. Severne
    • 4
  1. 1.Tahoe Research Group Department of Environmental Science and PolicyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA
  2. 2.National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research LtdHamiltonNew Zealand
  3. 3.Environment WaikatoHamiltonNew Zealand
  4. 4.National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research LtdChristchurchNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations