Application of High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

  • Daisuke Shindo
  • Kenji Hiraga


On the basis of the discussions in Chaps. 1 and 2, we now consider how to observe and interpret high-resolution images, with plenty of typical examples. In Sect. 3.1, high-resolution images of various structural defects are presented and explained. X-ray diffraction and neutron diffraction provide accurate structural information averaged throughout a crystal, whereas the advantage of high-resolution electron microscopy over the diffraction methods is that it provides direct information in real space of structural defects which are localized in crystals. High-resolution electron microscopy of lattice defects such as dislocations, interfaces, and surfaces, and also structural defects in non-stoichiometric compounds are presented in this section. Section 3.2 considers the appHcation of high-resolution electron microscopy to various advanced materials such as ceramics and high-Tc superconductors. Structural changes in alloys due to heat treatment and slight compositional changes, and the characteristic structural features of quasicrystals are also explained in detail.


Electron Diffraction Pattern Structure Image Lattice Image Partial Dislocation Atomic Arrangement 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daisuke Shindo
    • 1
  • Kenji Hiraga
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Advanced Materials ProcessingTohoku UniversityAoba-ku, Sendai, MiyagiJapan
  2. 2.Institute for Materials ResearchTohoku UniversityAoba-ku, Sendai, MiyagiJapan

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