## Abstract

The traditional separation of infrared divergent part of the which is used to replace in the demonstration that the infrared divergent terms originating from real photons are cancelled by those originating from virtual photons (e.g. [GY] (3.20) ff). An approximation of this sort seems to be necessary, if we treat the separation of the infrared divergent parts in momentum space. (Cf. Problem A below.) However, the separation can be neatly done in coordinate space, even at singular points of the

*S*-matrix from a finite remainder ([YFS], [GY]) is effective only at points where the*S*-matrix is non-singular, as was pointed out in [S2]. This limitation is due primarily to the approximation$${e^{ikx}} \sim 1\;\;\;(|k| \ll 1),$$

(1)

$${\delta ^4}(p + k) = \int {{{{d^4}x} \over {{{(2\pi )}^4}}}} {e^{i(p + k)x}}\;\;by\;\;{\delta ^4}(p) = \int {{{{d^4}x} \over {{{(2\pi )}^4}}}} {e^{ipx}}$$

*S*-matrix. ([S2]) In view of the fact that a point x in the coordinate space represents the cotangential component of the singularity spectrum of a function on the momentum space (e.g. [KS1],[Sa]) the recipe of Stapp [S2] may be regarded as the microlocalization of the traditional separation of infrared divergences. The core-spirit of microlocal analysis (e.g. [K^{3}]) is to make use of both*p*-variables and*x*-variables in the analysis. In fact, to study the infrared finiteness of the remainder terms (the*Q*-coupling part in the sense of [S2] and [KS4])*p*-variables play a central role, while the cancellation of infrared divergent terms (the*C*-coupling part in the sense of [S2]) proceeds in coordinate space.## Keywords

Singular Point Kernel Function Momentum Space Coordinate Space Virtual Photon## Preview

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© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1997