Introduction:The Concept of the Symposium

  • Tohru Ogawa
  • Kôdi Husimi
  • Koryo Miura
  • Takashi Masunari
  • Dénes Nagy
Conference paper


What does the Japanese word katachi mean? From our point of view, the most important meanings are form, shape, figure, and pattern. But comprehensive dictionaries list others, including:

appearance, ceremony, composition, evidence, formality, format, formation, frame, framework, indication, manner, mark, model, mold, omen, outlook, prospect, prototype, routine, skeleton, sign, situation, size, structure, style, symptom, texture, trace, and usage, among others.


Continental Drift Interdisciplinary Cooperation Japanese Word Opening Lecture Artificial Snow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    In the original Japanese, this famous sentence is the opening of the monograph Yuki [snow] (Iwanami, 1938) by Nakaya Ukchiro, a pioneer in snow physics and artificial snow. See the last page of this article.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Response to Nakaya by F.C. Frank, researcher of crystal growth, in his opening lecture at the Fourth International Conference of Crystal Growth, Tbkyo, 1974.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    c/o Prof. Takaki Ryuji, Faculty of Technology Tbkyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Koganei, Tbkyo 184, Japan.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    The proceedings was published as Science on Form (KTK-Scientific, Reidel, 1986). In the context of the present symposium, Toda’s paper “Interst in Form in Japan and the West” is important.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    Original title (through Vol. 3): Science on Form.Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    c/o Prof. Kaneko Tsutomu, College of Integrated Arts and Sciences, University of Osaka Prefecture, 1-1 Gakuencho, Sakai, Osaka 591, JapanGoogle Scholar
  7. 9.
    c/o Prof. Miyazaki Koji, Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Yoshidakoneo-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606, JapanGoogle Scholar
  8. 10.
    ISIS-Symmetry Office: c/o Profs. Darvas Gyōrgy and Nagy Dénes, Symmetrion—The Institute for Advanced Symmetry Studies, P.O. Box 4, Budapest H-1361, Hungary.Google Scholar
  9. 11.
    Originally there was no word in Japanese that corresponded to symmetry. It is found in the first modern Japanese dictionary, Genkai that (old-style characters for is defined as “second person,” i.e., in the grammatical sense.Google Scholar
  10. 12.
    1860–1948. See his book On Growth and Form (Cambridge University Press, 1917, 1942; abridged edition 1961).Google Scholar
  11. 13.
    1896–1972. See his books Aspects of Form (Humphries, 1951) and Accent on Form (Harper & Row, 1954).Google Scholar
  12. 14.
    1903–1992. See his books From Art to Science (MIT Press, 1980) and A Search for Structure (MIT Press, 1981).Google Scholar
  13. 15.
    1878–1935. See the Scientific Papers by Torahiko Terada, vol. 1-6 (vol. 6 consists of papers in Japanese) (Iwanami, 1938, 1985).Google Scholar
  14. 16.
    See P.P. Ewald (editor): Fifty Years of X-ray Diffraction (International Union of Crystallography, Utrecht, 1962); B. Tamamushi: “Torahiko Terada: A Pattern of Japanese Scientists,” inPhilosophical Study of Japan, vol. 8, pp. 117–127 (Japanese National Commission for UNESCO, Tokyo, 1967).Google Scholar
  15. 17.
    1900–1962. Nakaya’s famous sentence about snowflakes is quoted in the first page of this article. See Snow Crystals: Natural and Artificial (Harvard University Press, 1954).Google Scholar
  16. 18.
    1906–1966. Hirata proposed an analogy between the origin of the marking of the giraffe and that of the cracks at the surface of a gradually drying mud pool. See Kagaku (Science, in Japanese) 3, 461 (1933), and “On the origin of colored patches of some kidney-beans,” Sci. Pap. Inst. Phys. Chem. Res., 26, 122 (1935).Google Scholar
  17. Hirata was, in all probability, a victim of the atomic bomb in Hiroshima. He was with his five-yearold son in a streetcar within 1.5 km of the center of the explosion. Protecting his son, he immediately threw himself flat and emerged unscratched. Two days later, he described his observations of that day. In 1948, his leukocyte count increased markedly and the bleeding from his gums would not stop. He was in the hospital for 24 days. In 1955, he had a second attack and he spent a whole year in the hospital. The third attack came at the beginning of February 1966. His symptoms were apparently those of acute leukemia. He died after a four-month stay in the hospital. It should be also mentioned that he used X-rays in some experiments. His son died in 1969.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tohru Ogawa
    • 1
  • Kôdi Husimi
    • 2
  • Koryo Miura
    • 3
  • Takashi Masunari
    • 1
  • Dénes Nagy
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.University of TsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Lynx LytheumJapan
  3. 3.Structural Morphology ResearchJapan
  4. 4.Symmetrion -The Institute for Advanced Symmetry StudiesHungary

Personalised recommendations