The Role of Flow Separation and Its Prediction in Arterial Flows

  • L. Fuchs
  • U. Erikson
  • O. Smedby
Conference paper


A new model to explain a possible mechanism for atherogenesis is presented. The model is based upon the fact that when the flow is separated there is a increase in pressure in the separated region. Further, if the separation is three-dimensional, there are spiral vortices, with axes parallel to the axis of the artery. Both these factors cause an increase in the arterial wall tension near the separated regions. The increase in the azimuthal wall tension results in axially oriented lesions. Numerical methods are used to compute the flow in systems of channels and in a three-dimensional flow past an atheroma. Such theoretical flow computations can be useful in quantifying different factors in atherogenesis.


Wall Shear Stress Separation Bubble Wall Tension Radial Wall Spiral Vortex 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Fuchs
    • 1
  • U. Erikson
    • 2
  • O. Smedby
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of GasdynamicsThe Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden

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