“Total Communication” for Hard of Hearing and Late-Deafened People in Japan

  • Kazuhiko Seya


Firstly, I will introduce myself. I was born in Japan in 1959. About three months after my birth, I received an injection of streptomycin to cure of my bronchitis. When I was 2 years and 6 month old, my severe hearing loss was discovered by my parents. Fortunately, my hearing loss has not advanced since then, and now my hearing level is maintained at 90 dB in my left ear and 94 dB in my right ear. I wear hearing aid only in my left ear because my speech reception threshold for my left ear is good. Since I can not fully catch the talk, I compensate my insufficient hearing by using lip-reading.


Hearing Loss Sign Language Total Communication Hearing Level Deaf People 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kazuhiko Seya
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PharmacologyHirosaki University School of MedicineJapan
  2. 2.International Division, All Japan Association of Hard of Hearing PeopleJapan

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