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Temporal Bone Dissection Course (TBDC) Has Important Role in Preventing Hearing Impairment Caused by Chronic Middle Ear Infection in Indonesia

  • Zainul A. Djaafar

Abstract

Chronic Middle Ear Infection Diseases/ Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media (CSOM) or known as “Congek” in Indonesian colloquial language, is a chronic in-fection in middle ear that characterized by chronic discharge from middle ear through a perforated tympanic membrane (Fig.1, 2).

Keywords

Acute Otitis Medium Chronic Suppurative Otitis Medium Perforated Tympanic Membrane Hearing Function Affordable Price 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zainul A. Djaafar
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.ENT Department Faculty of MedicineUniversity of IndonesiaJakartaIndonesia
  2. 2.Cipto Mangunkusumo HospitalJakartaIndonesia

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