Temporal Bone Dissection Course (TBDC) Has Important Role in Preventing Hearing Impairment Caused by Chronic Middle Ear Infection in Indonesia

  • Zainul A. Djaafar


Chronic Middle Ear Infection Diseases/ Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media (CSOM) or known as “Congek” in Indonesian colloquial language, is a chronic in-fection in middle ear that characterized by chronic discharge from middle ear through a perforated tympanic membrane (Fig.1, 2).


Acute Otitis Medium Chronic Suppurative Otitis Medium Perforated Tympanic Membrane Hearing Function Affordable Price 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zainul A. Djaafar
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.ENT Department Faculty of MedicineUniversity of IndonesiaJakartaIndonesia
  2. 2.Cipto Mangunkusumo HospitalJakartaIndonesia

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