Hearing Impairments in the Society of Developing Country, Indonesian Case

  • R. Sedjawidada


Hearing impairment as an invisible disability is interesting for the sufferer, the surrounding society as well as the medical profession. It is called invisible because the sufferer may look like a normal person by compensating the disability with other senses, such as the vision, etc. Unlike the blinds who are totally disabled, the hearing impaired are likely to do their daily activities, unless the kind of the job demands perfect hearing, such as a teacher or a telephone operator, etc. Therefore the fate of a hearing impaired depends on the degree of deafness and the surrounding society. The author would like to review the fate of the hearing impaired in Indonesia, one of the developing countries.


Hearing Impairment Cochlear Implantation Hearing Preservation Regional Referral Hospital Telephone Operator 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Sedjawidada
    • 1
  1. 1.ENT DepartmentHasanuddin University HospitalMakassarIndonesia

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