Multifold Burden in a Hearing Impaired Person

  • Tomoyuki Hoshino


Hearing loss is divided into two categories, namely, conductive and sensorineural. Conductive hearing loss is caused by disorders in the sound conductive system, such as the tympanic membrane or ossicles. Conductive disorders caused by infection, trauma or other postnatal pathologies can usually be repaired by surgery, and rarely cause serious problems. The really serious problems arise in cases of the conductive deafness accompanying congenital malformation of the face. Bilateral microtia (poor development of the auricle) and atresia often accompany cleft lip and palate and poor development of the lower face. Such disorders often make it difficult for the patient to thrive in society. Corrective surgery is generally not easy to perform and requires repeated corrective measures. The following case study describes one such multi-burdened patient.


Hearing Loss Down Syndrome Tympanic Membrane Conductive Hearing Loss Follow Case Study 
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    Schuknecht HF(1993) Pathology of the Ear (2nd ed) Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, pp127–129Google Scholar
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    Mitchell RB, Call E, Kelly J (2003) Ear, nose and throat disorders in children with Down syndrome. Laryngoscope 113: 259–263PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomoyuki Hoshino
    • 1
  1. 1.Hamamatsu ENT SurgicenterHamamatsu, ShizuokaJapan

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