Current Issues on Language Education for Young Hearing-Impaired Children

  • Yoshisato Tanaka


In 1961 Suzuki and Ogiba [1] reported the Conditioned Orientation Reflex (COR) audiometry. This hearing test made it possible to obtain reliable audiogram from young children under three years of age. At that time, however, there was no means of habilitation for such a young child in Japan. Under these circumstances I found “home training” as an early intervention service might methodologically be the best to the parents and their child. The main purpose of my home training program is to facilitate acquisition of language in young hearing-impaired children. My home training program started in 1968 [2]. Since then, more than 2500 young hearing-impaired children have participated in this program.


Hearing Loss Sign Language Language Education Cochlear Implantation American Sign Language 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Suzuki,T and Ogiba,Y: Conditioned orientation reflex audiometry, Arch. Otolaryngol. 74: 192–198, 1961Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tanaka,Y and Kobayashi,H: Early habilitation of the hearing handicapped and their speech development: l. home training program, Jibi inkoka 41: 881–887, 1869Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kiritani,S: Chapter 1 Speech production, Speech Science and Technology, ed. by Saito,S,Ohmsha(Tokyo), 1992. pp 5–10Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Armstrong,DF, Stokoe,WC and Wilcox,SE: Gesture and the Nature of Language, Cambridge University Press ( Cambridge, Great Britain ), 1995Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tanaka,Y, Kodera,K, Y.Kita, et al: Development of auditory functions and language in two congenitally deaf children who received cochlear implantation in early childhood, Jpn J Logop Phoniatr 40: 329–341, 1999CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yoshinaga-Itano,C Sedey,A, Coulter,D et al: Language of early-and later-identified children with hearing loss, Pediatrics 102: 1161–1171, 1998PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Stern,W: cited from Thought and Language by Vygotsky,L, The MIT press ( Cambridge, Massachusetts ), 1986. Pp 58–67Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshisato Tanaka
    • 1
  1. 1.Tanaka Yoshisato Institute of EducationKamio Memorial HospitalTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations