Effects of Air Pollutants on Lipid Metabolism in Plants

  • Takeshi Sakaki


Ozone (O3), nitrogen oxides (NOx), peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN), and sulfur dioxide (SO2) are major global air pollutants, causing serious vegetative damage and forest decline. To clarify both the acute and chronic phytotoxic mechanisms of these pollutants, their physiological and biochemical effects on plants have been extensively studied during the past several decades. According to ultrastructural observations of plant cells injured by these pollutants, cellular membrane systems are affected by the pollutants (Thomson 1975; Huttunen and Soikkeli 1984), and membrane permeability is also seen to change after treatment with SO2 (Malhotra and Hocking 1976) and O3 (Heath and Castillo 1988). It is now generally accepted that cellular membranes are among the primary sites of pollutant attack and, since lipids are important membrane components and play essential roles in maintaining membrane structure and function, many workers have examined the effects of pollutants on lipids to clarify the mechanisms of their phytotoxicity (Mudd et al. 1984; Heath 1984; Sakaki 1998).


Phosphatidic Acid Active Oxygen Species Free Sterol Fatty Acid Hydroperoxide Steryl Glycoside 
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Copyright information

© Springer -Verlag Tokyo 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takeshi Sakaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Bioscience and Technology, School of EngineeringHokkaido Tokai UniversityMinami-ku, SapporoJapan

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