Manipulation of Genes for Antioxidative Enzymes

  • Mitsuko Aono


As the earth’s population and industrial productivity increase, new means of improving plant resistance against air pollutants must be developed to protect the plants from a contaminated atmospheric environment as well as to increase agricultural productivity. One strategy to achieve this is to develop plants that are more tolerant to air pollutants. Plants are stressed and resultantly damaged by air pollutants (Shimazaki et al. 1980), as well as by various other environmental factors such as some herbicides (Dodge 1975), drought (Smirnoff 1993), and low temperatures (Schöner and Krause 1990) under existing light and oxygen. Such stress and resulting damage under photooxidative conditions are called photooxidative stress and photooxidative damage, respectively. The generation of active oxygen species (AOS), such as 1O2, \({O_2}^{ - .}\), H2O2, and \( H{O^.} \), are thought to be promoted in plants during photooxidative stress induced by such environmental factors as just described (Shimazaki et al. 1980; Dodge 1975; Smirnoff 1993; Schöner and Krause 1990).


Transgenic Plant Glutathione Reductase Transgenic Tobacco Transgenic Tobacco Plant Active Oxygen Species 
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Copyright information

© Springer -Verlag Tokyo 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mitsuko Aono
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Biology DivisionNational Institute for Environmental StudiesTsukuba, IbarakiJapan

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