Manipulation of Genes for Nitrogen Metabolism in Plants

  • Hiromichi Morikawa
  • Misa Takahashi
  • Gen-Ichiro Arimura


A 1980 estimate puts the total natural and anthropogenic emissions of nitrogen oxides, which include nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) as the major components, at 150 million tons per year. Road transport, the major anthropogenic source of nitrogen oxides in many developed countries, accounted for up to 75% of the nitrogen oxides in some metropolitan cities in 1984. This value is still rising because of the increase in volume of road traffic. In many developing countries, petrofueled motor vehicles are also reported to be the principal source of nitrogen oxides (Yunus et al. 1996).


Transgenic Plant Nitrate Reductase Glutamine Synthetase Nitrogen Oxide Nitrite Reductase 
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Copyright information

© Springer -Verlag Tokyo 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiromichi Morikawa
    • 1
  • Misa Takahashi
    • 1
  • Gen-Ichiro Arimura
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mathematical and Life Sciences, Graduate School of ScienceHiroshima UniversityHigashi-Hiroshima, HiroshimaJapan

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