Manipulation of Genes Involved in Sulfur and Glutathione Metabolism

  • Shohab Youssefian


Sulfur is an essential nutrient for plant growth and development and, under conditions of sufficient sulfur availability, is taken up from the soil by roots in the form of sulfate and transferred to the shoots. The sulfate is subsequently activated and then reduced to sulfite and then to sulfide, in what is generally referred to as the sulfur reduction assimilatory pathway; the main function and ultimate product of which is the biosynthesis of cysteine (Cys). The Cys thus formed serves as a precursor for several other reduced sulfur-containing metabolites, notably methionine and glutathione (GSH), the latter constituting the principal storage and transport form of reduced sulfur in plants, as well as a key factor controlling plant responses to a variety of biotic and abiotic stresses (Noctor et al. 1998a; May et al. 1998a).


Transgenic Plant Transgenic Tobacco Plant Glutathione Metabolism Transgenic Poplar Glutathione Synthetase 
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Copyright information

© Springer -Verlag Tokyo 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shohab Youssefian
    • 1
  1. 1.Biotechnology Institute, Faculty of Bioresource SciencesAkita Prefectural UniversityOhgata-mura, AkitaJapan

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