Diagnosis of Stomatal Response and Gas Exchange of Trees by Thermal Remote Sensing

  • Kenji Omasa


Air pollution and meteorological changes have influenced the health of trees growing in urban and forest areas (Guderian 1985; Sakai and Larcher 1987; Schulze et al. 1989; Omasa et al. 1996; Sandermann et al. 1997; Paoletti 1998; Waring and Running 1998). Acid rain and acid fog are among the factors considered to have such an effect (Cowling 1989; Schulze et al. 1989). The first abnormal symptoms to appear are stomatal closure and decrease in photosynthesis and growth. When the injury is severe, the symptoms extend to visible injury of leaves and withering. Withered branches are often observed in polluted urban areas. In recent years a forest decline, which may possibly be due to acid rain and acid fog as well as other air pollutants and meteorological changes, has been reported in Europe, North America, and East Asia (Guderian 1985; Cowling 1989; Schulze et al. 1989; Environment Agency of Japan 1991–1993, Sandermann et al. 1997; Paoletti 1998).


Stomatal Conductance Stomatal Closure Thermal Image Leaf Temperature Stomatal Resistance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer -Verlag Tokyo 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenji Omasa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological and Environment Engineering, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life SciencesThe University of TokyoBunkyo-ku, TokyoJapan

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