Countermeasures with Fertilization to Reduce Oxidant-Induced Injury to Plants

  • Haruko Kuno
  • Kazushi Arai


Visible injury to field and garden plants, as a result of photochemical smog in Los Angeles, CA, USA, was reported in the 1940s. In Japan, visible injuries to taro (Colocasia esulenta Schott), tobacco (Nicotiana rustica L.), and pak-choi (Brassica campestris L.) seedlings and to welsh onion (Allium fistulosum L.), komatsuna (Brassica campestris L.), and spinach (Spinaca oleracea L.) leaves due to ozone (O3) and peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) have also been identified (Matsuoka et al. 1971; Sawada et al. 1972; Fukuda 1973; Matsumoto et al. 1977) in the 1970s. In addition, visible injuries from photochemical oxidants and their resultant effects on the growth and yields of a variety of agricultural crops, such as rice (Oryza sativa L), and soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr. et al.], have been observed (Matsuoka et al. 1976; Takasaki et al. 1976; Saio et al. 1978). Recently, areas with high levels of photochemical oxidants have been found to be extending from coastal urban areas to inland areas (Ohara et al. 1995), and the development of severe foliar damage from O3 and PAN, is being identified in areas where only limited plant injuries were reported several years ago (Air Pollution Section, Center of Promoting Countermeasure against Pollution, the Kanto Area 1999). Various forms of foliar damage to agricultural crops caused by air pollutants have also been observed in Taiwan (Sun 1994a, b), China, and other countries (Khan et al 1996) in Asia.


Rice Plant English Summary Photochemical Oxidant Morning Glory Visible Injury 


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Copyright information

© Springer -Verlag Tokyo 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haruko Kuno
    • 1
  • Kazushi Arai
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Ecology DivisionTokyo Metropolitan Forestry Experiment StationHinode, Nishitama-gun, TokyoJapan

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