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Responses of Whole Plants to Air Pollutants

  • Isamu Nouchi

Abstract

Air pollution refers to the condition in which the existence of toxic substances in the atmosphere, generated by various human activities and natural phenomena such as volcanic eruptions, results in damaging effects on the welfare of human beings and the living environment. Air pollution in advanced nations has treaded the following path of historical changes. Air pollution in urbanized cities first appeared as smoke (SOx, fly ash, or fumes), produced by the burning of coal by industrialized societies after the industrial revolution (i.e., “London-smog type” pollution). When the major fuel use switched from coal to petroleum and natural gas, the extent of smoke pollution decreased rapidly. However, rapid increases in population and transportation, in addition to industrial growth, resulted in a new form of pollution caused by auto exhaust and photochemical smog (i.e., “Los Angeles smog type” pollution). Photochemical smog is produced in the atmosphere by complex photochemical reactions involving nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons from sources such as auto exhaust gases and electric power plants. A similarly serious air pollution problem has now emerged in large urban cities in developing countries.

Keywords

Forest Decline Morning Glory Visible Injury Simulated Acid Rain Foliar Injury 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer -Verlag Tokyo 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isamu Nouchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Agro-Meteorology GroupNational Institute for Agro-Environmental SciencesTsukuba, IbarakiJapan

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