Republic of Indonesia

  • Japan Enviromental Council
Part of the The State of Environment in Asia book series (STEA)


The Republic of Indonesia is a nation of islands lying over the equator and extending 5,200 km east to west and 1,900 km north to south. Java especially has many volcanoes whose ash has contributed to its fertile soil. Wet rice agriculture prevailed on this heavily populated island and its surrounding region, called “Inner Indonesia.” The region consisting of Kalimantan, Sumatra, Sulawesi, the Moluccas, Irian Jaya, and other islands, called “Outer Indonesia,” is characterized by poor soil and therefore mostly swidden agriculture.


Aquaculture Pond Monosodium Glutamate Private Land Ownership Social Forestry Swidden Agriculture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 2000

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  • Japan Enviromental Council

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