Republic of Korea

  • Japan Enviromental Council
Part of the The State of Environment in Asia book series (STEA)


In the 1960s South Korea embarked on full-blown economic development and achieved a certain measure of progress. In 1995 the country’s per capita GDP surpassed $10,000 for the first time, and in the following year it joined the OECD, thereby entering the ranks of the developed countries. Very rapid industrialization and urbanization have occurred in South Korea through this process of economic development.


Environmental Policy Environmental Quality Standard Industrial Park Local Government Level Environmental Impact Assessment System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 2.
    The rate for South Korea comes from the 1996 Environment White Paper by South Korea’s Environment Ministry, while that for Japan is from the Environment Agency’s Quality of the Environment in Japan, 1996 edition.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    First Comprehensive National Development Plan, 1972, p. 82.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    In fact, in interviews conducted by one of the authors (Cheong Deoksu) in the Ulsan area, a factory manager said he gets by with paying light fines even if he does not pay emission surcharges. Apparently there are some recent instances in which factories received criminal penalties.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Japan Enviromental Council

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations