Conservation and Use of Biodiversity

  • Japan Enviromental Council
Part of the The State of Environment in Asia book series (STEA)


It was only recently that people began to see the global loss of biodiversity as a serious environmental problem. In particular it was at the signing of the Convention on Biological Diversity at the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro where the conservation of biodiversity became an international issue. Prior to that, the matter of biodiversity was little more than a concern among certain small groups of experts like biologists, environmentalists, and environmental NGOs, who had from the 1970s been sounding warnings on the impending crisis of biodiversity loss, though the issue rarely got attention from the general public. But starting in 1992 conservation of biodiversity became a foreign policy issue, and many governments made it one of their top priority issues in their political agendas or in dealings with other countries. This change in the issue’s status came about from 1990 to 1992 during the two years of negotiations for the Biodiversity Convention. In the course of those negotiations it became clear that biodiversity is a natural resource with exceedingly great actual and potential economic value.


Paddy Field Insect Pest Rice Paddy Global Biodiversity Transnational Corporation 
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  1. 1.
    See, for example:Fowler, G. and P. Mooney, 1990. Shattering: Food, Policies and the Loss of Genetic Diversity. U. of Arizona Press.Google Scholar
  2. 1a.
    Prescott-Allen, R. and C. Prescott-Allen, 1982. What’s Wildlife Worth? Earthscan.Google Scholar
  3. WRI/IUCN/UNEP, 1992. Global Biodiversity Strategy. WRI, Washington.Google Scholar
  4. 2.
    Recently the People’s Republic of China is using 0.7% of its GNP for environmental protection. While this figure is quite high for a developing country, it is insufficient for the purpose.Google Scholar
  5. 3.
    Ministry of Agriculture, State Planning Commission, State Science and Technology Commission, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Forestry, Ministry of Water Conservancy, and the National Environmental Protection Agency.Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    The foregoing facts and figures come from Report on Environmental Protection in the Peoples Republic of China, released in June 1996 by the State Council’s Department of Information.Google Scholar
  7. 5.
    For details see: National Environmental Protection Agency and United Nations Environment Programme, China ‘s Eco-Farming, China Environmental Science Press, Beijing, 1992.Google Scholar
  8. 6.
    Liuminying Village in Daxing County (Beijing, 1987), Shanyi Village in Xiaoshan City (Zhejiang Province, 1988), Heheng Village in Taixian County (Jiangsu Province, 1990), and Xiaozhang Village in Yingshang County (Anhui Province, 1991).Google Scholar

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© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 2000

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  • Japan Enviromental Council

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