Classification of ventricular septal defects — A matter of precision

  • Anton E. Becker
  • Robert H. Anderson


The classification of ventricular septal defects remains a contentious subject [1–6]. Hence, various authors will use different terms to describe septal defects. Regrettably, some of these terms lack precision in describing the anatomy and, thus, may give rise to different interpretations. This becomes particularly important when geographical differences in the distribution of various types of ventricular septal defects are considered. The use of the term subpulmonic ventricular septal defect may serve as an example.


Septal Defect Ventricular Septal Defect Ventricular Septum Valve Ring Membranous Septum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anton E. Becker
    • 1
  • Robert H. Anderson
  1. 1.Academic Medical CenterUniversity of AmsterdamThe Netherlands

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