Advertisement

Transient Portal Hypertension

  • Jean-Pierre Benhamou

Abstract

In most cases, portal hypertension is a chronic complication of a chronic disease of the portal vein, or the liver, or the hepatic veins. It is conceivable that an acute and transient disease of the portal vein, or the liver, or the hepatic veins may determine an acute and transient increase of portal vein pressure. However, the number of well-documented cases of transient portal hypertension is limited, which may suggest that the condition is uncommon. In fact, transient increase in portal hypertension is likely to be relatively common; but, porbably because the increase in portal pressure remains moderate and is of short duration, transient portal hypertension is asymptomatic and is therefore not recognized. Nevertheless, in a few well documented cases, transient portal hypertension has induced transient ascites [1] and bleeding esophageal varices [2,3].

Keywords

Portal Vein Portal Hypertension Hepatic Vein Portal Vein Thrombosis Splenic Vein 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Bernuau J, Degott C, Nouel O, Rueff B, Benhamou JP (1983) Non-fatal acute fatty liver of pregnancy. Gut 24: 340–344PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hearta W, Palmer ED (1959) Portal hypertension with esophageal varices in acute infectious hepatitis: further observations. Am J Med 237: 596–599CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nouel O, Lebrec D, Denis J (1981) Rupture de varices oesophagiennes chez un malade atteint d’hépatite fulminante. Gastroenterol Clin Biol 5: 91–92PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Valla D, Fléjou JF, Lebrec D, Bernuau J, Rueff B, Salzmann JL, Benhamou JP (1989) Portal hypertension and ascites in acute hepatitis: Clinical hemodynamic and histological correlations. Hepatology 10: 482–487PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Preisig R, Rankin JG, Sweeting G, Bradley SE (1966) Hepatic hemodynamics during viral hepatitis in man. Circulation 34: 188–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lebrec D, Nouel O, Bernuau J, Rueff B, Benhamou JP (1980) Portal hypertension in fulminant viral hepatitis. Gut 21: 962–964PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Viola C, Vineta L, Bosch J, Rodes J (1983) Exudative ascites in the course of acute type B hepatitis. Hepatology 3: 1013–1015PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rollins BJ (1986) Hepatic veno-occlusive disease. Am J Med 81: 297–306PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lebrec D, Nataf C, Bernuau J, Nouel O (1981) Transient intrahepatic portal hypertension. A case report. Digestion 21: 140–142PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Pierre Benhamou
    • 1
  1. 1.Inserm U24Hôpital BeaujonClichyFrance

Personalised recommendations