Physiology of Speech Production

  • Nobuhiko Isshiki


Speech production at the peripheral level consists of three stages: exhalation, phonation, and articulation (Table 2.1). Exhalatory movement of the respiratory organ provides the subglottal air flow (direct current). The air flow is cut into puffs (alternating current) at the closed glottis as the vocal cords vibrate. The sound thereby produced at the glottis is referred to as the primary laryngeal tone or glottal sound (source). Through the resonance of the vocal tract, the glottal sound is modified so that some frequency components are amplified and others are attenuated.


Vocal Cord Speech Production Vocal Tract Tuning Fork Complex Tone 
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2. Physiology of Voice Production

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nobuhiko Isshiki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plastic Surgery, School of MedicineKyoto UniversityJapan

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