Prognosis of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

  • Kunio Okuda
  • Kunihiko Ohnishi


Of the various types of solid cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is perhaps the most difficult to treat because of the frequently associated cirrhosis [1–5]. Although there are large differences in its global incidence and in the frequency of coexisting cirrhosis that varies with the ethnic group [6–9], the basic clinical features and the generally poor prognosis are the same regardless of race and place. The survival times of patients with HCC as a whole have been estimated to be several months at most [10–13] with rare exceptions of long survival [14–16] and spontaneous regression [17, 18].


Hepatic Resection Systemic Chemotherapy Transcatheter Arterial Embolization Cellular Carcinoma Hepatic Artery Infusion Chemotherapy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kunio Okuda
  • Kunihiko Ohnishi
    • 1
  1. 1.The First Department of MedicineChiba University School of MedicineInohana, Chiba, 280Japan

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