Operative Selection of Patients with Arteriovenous Malformations
Surgical treatment of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the brain is intended to eliminate the continued risk of intracranial hemorrhage and neurologic deterioration. The decision of whether to recommend surgery should rest on an objective comparison of the long-term risks presented by the untreated AVM with the more immediate risk of operative treatment. To facilitate the surgical decision making process, we have developed a grading system for AVMs that estimates the risk of resection.
KeywordsArteriovenous Malformation Venous Drainage Adjacent Brain Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformation Operative Excision
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 5.Luessenhop AJ (1984) Natural history of cerebral arteriovenous malformations. In: Wilson CB, Stein BM (eds) Intracranial arteriovenous malformations. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore pp 12–23Google Scholar
- 8.Perret G, Nishioka H (1966) Report on the Cooperative Study of Intracranial Aneurysms and Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, section VI. Arteriovenous malformations: An analysis of 545 cases of cranio-cerebral arteriovenous malformations and fistulae reported to the Cooperative Study. J Neurosurg 25:467–490PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar