Operative Selection of Patients with Arteriovenous Malformations

  • Robert F. Spetzler
  • Joseph M. Zabramski
Conference paper


Surgical treatment of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the brain is intended to eliminate the continued risk of intracranial hemorrhage and neurologic deterioration. The decision of whether to recommend surgery should rest on an objective comparison of the long-term risks presented by the untreated AVM with the more immediate risk of operative treatment. To facilitate the surgical decision making process, we have developed a grading system for AVMs that estimates the risk of resection.


Arteriovenous Malformation Venous Drainage Adjacent Brain Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformation Operative Excision 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert F. Spetzler
    • 1
  • Joseph M. Zabramski
    • 1
  1. 1.Barrow Neurological InstitutePhoenixUSA

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