Extracranial-Intracranial Bypass for Cerebral Revascularization

  • Robert F. Spetzler
  • Mark N. Hadley
Conference paper


Cerebral revascularization for ischemia remains a viable treatment option in the armamentarium of the neurovascular surgeon. The International Cooperative Study of Extracranial to Intracranial Arterial Anastomoses has helped to redefine the indications for these procedures and has improved our understanding of the pathophysiology of cerebrovascular ischemia. In this monograph we will outline our approach to cerebral revascularization, discuss patient selection criteria, and review our surgical techniques and results.


Patency Rate Posterior Circulation Recipient Vessel Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency Donor Vessel 
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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert F. Spetzler
    • 1
  • Mark N. Hadley
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Neurological SurgeryBarrow Neurological InstitutePhoenixUSA

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