The Grammatical Rule of DNA Language

Messages in Palindromic Verses
  • Susumu Ohno


All DNA base sequences, regardless of their origins or functions (coding versus non-coding) are messages written in palindromic verses. The canonical grammatical rule of DNA language is CG/TA deficiency, TG/CT/CA excess and all other grammatical rules are corollaries of this canonical. A large number of palindromic oligomers occur in all sequences. Furthermore, given a long enough sequence two complementary base oligomers are always found in nearly equal numbers. Translated into English, DNA sequences might read something like the following palindrome: “Doom Sad named was dog DNA, devil’s deeds lived, and God saw demand as mood.” The above might be entitled “Dog as a messenger of Satan,” for aside from “deed” which is a palindrome, “God” is complementary to “dog,” “and” to “DNA” and “devil” to “lived.”


Human Serum Albumin Noncoding Region Complementary Pair Grammatical Rule Immunoglobulin Heavy Chain Gene 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susumu Ohno
    • 1
  1. 1.Beckamn Research Institute of the City of HopeUSA

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