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Static and Cyclic Behavior of Structural Lightweight Concrete at Cryogenic Temperatures

  • D. E. Berner
  • B. C. GerwickJr.
Conference paper

Abstract

Experimental research conducted at the University of California at Berkeley indicated that plain and prestressed/reinforced lightweight concrete behaved favorably under both static and cyclic loading conditions at cryogenic temperatures. This research indicated: (1) that the mechanical properties of lightweight concrete are significantly affected by moisture content, but not significantly by relatively high-intensity cyclic fatigue, (2) that one-way prestressed concrete specimens subjected to cyclic axial tension and compression as well as cryogenic thermal shock exhibited only minor degradation, and (3) that two-way prestressed concrete specimens subjected to cyclic membrane shear and also to cryogenic thermal shock exhibited only minor surface cracking and reductions in flexural stiffness. These results indicate that prestressed/reinforced high-strength lightweight concrete exhibits excellent cryogenic properties, and may qualify as a material for use as a secondary barrier for offshore liquefied gas containment vessels.

Keywords

Steel Fiber Cryogenic Temperature International Maritime Organization Plain Concrete Flexural Stiffness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Berner, D,E,; Behavior of Prestressed Concrete Subjected to Low Temperatures and Cyclic Loading, Ph,D. disseration, University of California at Berkeley 1984,Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rostasy, F,S.; Schneider, U,; Wiedemann, G,: Behaviour of Mortar and and Concrete at Extremely Low Temperatures,11 Cement and Concrete Research. Vol. 9, No, 3 (1979) 365–376,Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gerwick, B,C,,Jr,; Mansour, A,; Price, E,; Thayamballi, A.: “Feasibility and Comparative Studies for the Use of Prestressed Concrete in Large Storage/Processing Vessels,” Transactions of SNAME, Vol, 86 (1978) 163–196,Google Scholar
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    Mast, R,F,: “The ARCO LPG Terminal Vessel,” Proceedings of the Conference on Concrete Shi£s and Vessels, University of California at Berkeley Sept, 1975,Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    International Maritime Organization (IMO): Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk, Resolution A,328.(IX), IMO, London 1976,Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. E. Berner
    • 1
  • B. C. GerwickJr.
    • 2
  1. 1.Ben C. Gerwick, Inc.San FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Civil Engineering DepartmentUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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