Coal Transhipment Centers An Economic Development Potential for the Emerging Micronesian Governments in the Pacific

  • M. K. Actouka
Conference paper


The Micronesian governments of the Republic of the Marshalls (RM), the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM, which includes Yap, Truk, Pohnpei and Kosrae), the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI, which includes Saipan, Tinian and Rota), the Republic of Belau (RB) and the Territory of Guam are all aspiring for some degree of economic self-sufficiency. Energy along with capital and raw materials is one of the basic and fundamental resources needed to attain this goal. All of these island governments do not at this point have proven indigenous sources of oil and coal. However, as early as the 1800’s, these Pacific islands were being used by the rim countries as coaling stations. The oil embargo of the 1970’s and the unstable cost of fuel oil since have led to various economic and engineering studies aimed at verifying the potential advantages of supertanker ports, transhipment of oil and coal and the utilization of various alternative renewable energy sources. Of these options, this paper will concentrate on Coal Transhipment Center (CTC). The importance of a CTC is based on the concept of security, reliability and accessibility. Strategic and cost effectiveness are also integral to this concept. The CTC can be located on any of the islands. The assumptions are that the CTC through-put of 12 million tons per year and that it will provide at least 100 jobs and a revenue of close to $30 million. The additional benefits of the CTC are the by products such as electricity, fertilizer and construction materials. (1)


Municipal Solid Waste Exclusive Economic Zone Marshall Island Coal Fuel Coal Station 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. K. Actouka
    • 1
  1. 1.Pacific Basin Development CouncilUniversity of HawaiiHonoluluUSA

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