Prevention of Escaping Oil from Mechanical Barriers in the Presence of Water Currents
In the case of accidents of oil tankers and seaside oil refineries, oil control barriers are usually set on the sea surface to prevent spilled oil from spreading, many types of these barriers have been developed so far. However, the conventional oil control devices are not always effective for containing oil slicks on the actual sea surface. Hence, the improvement in the performance of barriers has been required especially for the high values of current velocity, wave height and wind velocity.
This paper presents the fundamental performance of the oil control barriers by the experiment using large-scale water tanks with the oil control systems.
Furthermore, the effect of equipping the conventional barriers with nets is also contained to calm the upper stream and bottom side of oil slicks.
KeywordsWind Velocity Wave Height Current Velocity Head Wave Water Current Velocity
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