The Handicapped as Depicted in the Art of Japan

  • Tatsuaki Shinoda
Conference paper


Disorders that are mentioned in ancient Japanese literature include congenital hypotonia, Down syndrome, and speech disturbances. With the birth of Japanese culture in the ninth century, the sick are depicted increasingly in scenes where they are being visited and nursed. In a collection of scrolls from a later period, dwarfism, obesity, and spastic gait can be seen. Pictures from the sixteenth century show disorders including Polydactyly, apoplexy, cerebral palsy, and ataxia. To this day, votive pictures of the handicapped can be seen in Buddhist temples all over Japan.


Cerebral Palsy Down Syndrome Handicapped Person Ninth Century Japanese Culture 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tatsuaki Shinoda

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