The Credo Project: Adapted Physical Activity for Autonomous Active and Sedentary Elderly
Holistic research was conducted to measure the physical, psychological, and social health perception of autonomous elderly between the ages of 55 and 85 years. The theoretical framework comprised current research trends using subjective measures with elderly persons and Travis (1981)/Pender (1982) promotional health models. The hypothesis tested was that active elderly— those participating in regular physical activity programs (indoor physical exercise, outdoor activities, or both)—will have higher health perception scores than sedentary elderly. To test this hypothesis, five perception measures were used. Testing sessions were always supervised, the ratio being one supervisor per ten participants, and lasted 3 months. The sample included 1060 persons. The research design had 240 variables [samples (5), age groups (4), schooling (3), status (2), gender (2)]. The results confirmed our hypothesis since the active elderly obtained higher perception scores for physical, psychological, and social health. Data for variables such as age group, schooling, status, and gender also reveal trends in health perception.
KeywordsLife Satisfaction Elderly Person Health Perception Social Health Perception Score
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