Advertisement

Ten-Year Longitudinal Evaluation of Physical Fitness in the Elderly

  • Misaka Kimura
  • Tamon Arai
  • Yasuko Okayama

Abstract

Of a local group of aged individuals who were followed up for 10 years, the results of physical fitness tests were reviewed in 11 men (aged 65–81 years, mean 69.5 years, at the initial examination) and 49 women (aged 65–79 years, mean 69.3 years, at the initial examination), in whom all the data from these 10 years were available, to longitudinally evaluate the physical fitness of the elderly. When the data from the 10 years in these subjects were compared with our previous cross-sectional data, (1) the changes in the muscle strength, muscle power, and equilibrium were nearly in agreement with those shown by the cross-sectional study, and the performance declined markedly after 75–80 years; (2) the changes in agility and flexibility showed different patterns from the cross-sectional results; and (3) comparison of the total fitness scores in these subjects with those of the cross-sectional study indicated that the former belonged to a relatively unfit group at the initial examination, but their fitness level deteriorated insignificantly during the 10 years. Although none of our subjects practiced any sport, they were interested in exercise such as gymnastics and walking and were participating in various social activities including our fitness evaluation program. Such an active lifestyle is considered to contribute to prevention of the age-associated decline of physical fitness.

Keywords

Physical Fitness Local Group Muscle Power Initial Examination Vertical Jump 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Hirakawa K, Oda Y, Kimura M, Morimoto T (1990) Evaluation of work capacity in the elderly by a self-paced step test. In: Kaneko M (ed) Fitness for the aged, disabled and industrial worker. International Series on Sport Sciences, vol 20. Champaign, Illinois, Human Kinetics Publishers, pp 25–29Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kimura M, Hirakawa K, Morimoto T (1990) Physical performance survey in 900 aged individuals. In: Kaneko M (ed) Fitness for the aged, disabled and industrial worker. International Series on Sport Sciences, vol 20. Champaign, Illinois, Human Kinetics Publishers, pp 55–60Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kimura M, Hirakawa K, Okuno T, Oda Y, Morimoto T, Kitani T, Fujita D, Nagata H (1989) An analysis of physical fitness in the aged people with fitness battery test. Jpn J Phys Fitness Sports Med 38:175–185Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kimura M, Morimoto Y, Terada M (1991) Exercise habits and physical performance in aged city dwellers. Jpn J Phys Fitness Sports Med 40:455–464Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Misaka Kimura
  • Tamon Arai
  • Yasuko Okayama

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations