Adaptation in Students with Down Syndrome: An Experimental Study on the Trainability of Strength and Power

  • Otto J. Schantz
Conference paper


Based on an ecological model of adaptation, the development of physical strength and power is evaluated as an educational objective for mentally retarded persons with Down syndrome (DS) using the approach of the theory of sports training. The purpose of this study was to compare different kinds of strength and power of students with DS and trainable mentally retarded (TMR) peers without DS, and to compare and evaluate the feasibility and effects of strength training in school in these 2 groups. 115 students (CA 12 to 18) participated in this experiment, which was designed to have a high ecological validity. The results show differences in strength and power between the 2 groups, depending on sex and the kind of skill. Similar progress was noted in both groups; however, differences in some tasks diminished significantly between the 2 samples. The implications for curriculum development are discussed.


Down Syndrome Knee Extension Biomechanical Test Strength Training Program Explosive Power 
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© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1994

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  • Otto J. Schantz

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