Adapted Physical Education Programs for Mentally Retarded Children
One of the key issues in current research and in practical work in adapted physical activity/education for children with mental retardation focuses on the value of integrative settings. Most recent projects in this area discuss aspects of social integration, motivation, self-determination, and indepdendent living. The so-called normalization principle has addressed the situation and needs of persons with an intellectual disability and has stressed the importance of participation in the mainstream of society. Sports and recreational activities play an important role in the lives of many people. Persons with mental retardation should be given opportunities to participate in games and sports on all levels of performance. Different sports organizations such as Special Olympics International and INAS-FMH present opportunities to participate in international sports events. National organizations are increasingly involved in the development of various sports programs. In addition to leisure activities, different forms of rehabilitative therapeutic activities are being offered aiming at an improvement of the overall situation of the individual. Professionals in physical education and sports as well as in other related fields are facing changes and challenges concerning the inclusion of persons with mental retardation into all areas of life. This study presents current developments and trends in physical activity and sport for these individuals.
KeywordsPhysical Activity Mental Retardation Physical Education Intellectual Disability Sport Club
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