Different Forms of Body Activity as Therapeutical Concepts in Osteopenia
The effects of two different forms of body activity on bone density of the lumbar vertebrae (L2–4) and the left hip (neck) were observed in a group of 39 women (age 50 and over) with osteopenia. For 20 weeks over a six-month period, 16 women engaged in systematic weight training (T), 8 followed a program of therapeutic gymnastics (G), and 15 served as controls (C). Bone density was measured using DEXA before and after the observation period. In groups G and C, the extent of bone density loss was approximately the same. A significant bone density loss did not occur in group T. Therefore, in this study, systematic weight training was the only form of therapy that was able to maintain bone mass density of the lumbar vertebrae and hip in women with osteopenia.
KeywordsBone Mineral Density Bone Density Lumbar Vertebra Body Activity Training Load
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