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Risk Factors for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Esophagus in Southern Thailand

  • Apinop Chanvitan
  • Alan F. Geater
  • Verasak Chongsuvivatwong
  • Siwaporn Ubolcholket
Conference paper

Abstract

Data on the incidence of oesophageal cancer in Thailand place this country among the low incidence regions of the world. Crude annual incidence in 1982 was reported to be 0.85 per 100 000 [1]. Within the southern region however, the provincial incidences increase the further south the location. Overall annual age-adjusted incidences per hundred thousand in the lower south subregion (7 provinces) in 1989 were 5.4 in males and 1.5 in females, compared with 4.1 and 1.1, respectively, in the more northerly 7 southern provinces [2].

Keywords

Alcohol Consumption Esophageal Carcinoma Oesophageal Cancer Traditional Food Southern Province 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Apinop Chanvitan
    • 1
  • Alan F. Geater
    • 1
  • Verasak Chongsuvivatwong
    • 2
  • Siwaporn Ubolcholket
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Faculty of MedicinePrince of Songkla UniversityHat Yai, SongklaThailand
  2. 2.Epidemiology Unit, Faculty of MedicinePrince of Songkla UniversityHat Yai, SongklaThailand
  3. 3.Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of MedicinePrince of Songkla UniversityHat Yai, SongklaThailand

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