Esophageal Perforations

  • Amadeu Pimenta
  • Valdemar Cardoso
  • Joaquim Rodrigues
  • Diogo Ayres-De-Campos
Conference paper


Esophageal perforations, regardless of their etiology or location, are the most life-threatening of all digestive perforations [1, 2]. The spilling of air, food particles, digestive, and nasopharyngeal secretions into the neighboring tissues, caused by the rupture of the esophagus, provokes a fast and dangerous bacterial dissemination, frequently leading to a mediastinal abscess [1, 3].


Esophageal Perforation Gastric Fundus Cervical Esophagus Abdominal Esophagus Iatrogenic Perforation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Nesbitt JC, Sawyers JL (1987) Surgical management of esophageal perforation. Am Surgeon 53: 183–190PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Skinner DB, Little AG, DeMeester TR (1980) Management of esophageal perforation. Am J Surg 139: 760–764PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Andreassian B, Breil PH, Fékété F, Laisne MJ (1986) Les infections du médiastin. Encyclopédie Médico-Chirurgicale. Techniques Chirurgicales Vol 1. Poumon, Paris, p 16Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ergin MA, Wetstein L, Griepp RB (1980) Temporary diverting cervical esophagostomy. Surg Gynecol Obstet 151: 97–98PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Baulieux J, Balique JG, Boulez J, Peix JL, Maillet P (1979) Possibilité d’un traitement chirurgical conservateur des ruptures spontanées de l’oesophage vues a un stade tardif. Lyon Chir 75: 358–363Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Couraud L, Dumas PJ, Martigne C, Houdelette P (1978) Les perforations oesophagiennes non tumorales. Lyon Chir 74: 110–113Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Brewer L, Carter R, Mulder GA, Stiles QR (1986) Options in the management of perforations of the Esophagus. Am J Surg 152: 62–69PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amadeu Pimenta
  • Valdemar Cardoso
  • Joaquim Rodrigues
  • Diogo Ayres-De-Campos
    • 1
  1. 1.Cirurgia 4, S. João HospitalPorto Medical SchoolPortoPortugal

Personalised recommendations