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Preoperative Total Parenteral Nutrition in Patients with Cancer of the Esophagus or Stomach

  • Heinz Becker
  • Ansgar Roehrborn
  • Christoph Ebener
  • Hans Dietrich Roeher
Conference paper

Abstract

Poor nutritional status is known to have a negative impact on perioperative morbidity and mortality. At the time of hospital admission, up to 80% of cancer patients present with a reduced nutritional status [1]. However, attempts to improve the nutritional situation prior to surgery even by means of preoperative total parenteral nutrition (TPN) often failed [2]. Therefore, the role of preoperative TPN in patients with cancer of the esophagus or stomach is still controversial.

Keywords

Nutritional Status Anastomotic Leak Total Parenteral Nutrition Ideal Body Weight Nutritional Risk 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Dewys WD, Begg GG, Lavin PT, et al (1980) Prognostic effect of weight loss prior to chemotherapy in cancer patients. Am J Med 69: 49–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Klein S, Simes J, Blackburn GL (1986) Total parenteral nutrition and cancer clinical trials. Cancer 58: 1378–1386PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Veterans Affairs Total Parenteral Nutrition Cooperative Study Group. (1991) Perioperative total parenteral nutrition in surgical patients. N Engl J Med 325: 525–532CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heinz Becker
  • Ansgar Roehrborn
  • Christoph Ebener
  • Hans Dietrich Roeher
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryHeinrich-Heine University, DüsseldorfDüsseldorfGermany

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