The Role of External Fixation as a Predictor of Fusion Success

  • David W. Lyon
  • David J. Hall
  • Robert C. Mulholland
  • John K. Webb


The role of spinal fusion in the treatment of chronic low back pain is controversial [1]. There are advocates for non-operative treatment methods, while the results of surgery are often disappointing [1–9].


External Fixation Disk Degeneration Radicular Pain Pedicle Screw Fixation Posterolateral Fusion 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • David W. Lyon
  • David J. Hall
  • Robert C. Mulholland
  • John K. Webb
    • 1
  1. 1.Spinal UnitHarlow Wood Orthopaedic HospitalNottinghamUK

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