Results of Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Lytic and Degenerative Spondylolisthesis

  • Ralph B. Cloward


The report and discussion of results obtained from any type of surgical treatment requires a description of the pathological lesion being treated. The medical definition of spondylolisthesis is a forward slippage of the spine. The existence of this condition has been known since 1741 when Andre described an “inward warping of the spine” [1]. Neugebauer in 1834 was the first to suggest that spondylolisthesis was congenital in origin, resulting from a developmental defect in the neural ring [2].


Nerve Root Disk Space Interbody Fusion Ligamentum Flavum Degenerative Spondylolisthesis 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ralph B. Cloward
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurological SurgeryHonoluluUSA

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