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Abstract

This chapter discusses beating or “ornithopter.” The beating motion of wings is exclusively used in the powered flight of birds and insects. In flying, this is the only way these creatures can counter the gravity force and propel themselves against aerodynamic drag. Other methods of locomotion, adopted widely in the swimming motion of fish and mammals, are inappropriate for flying because they are incapable of generating an aerodynamic force close to the center of gravity and maintaining trimmed flight without tumbling.

Keywords

Aerodynamic Force Lift Coefficient Fore Wing Flight Speed Hind Wing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akira Azuma
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TokyoSaiwai-ku, Kawasaki 210Japan

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