CNS Monitoring

  • N. Ty. Smith
  • Ira J. Rampil
Conference paper


This presentation will concentrate on the use of CNS monitoring to predict awareness during general anesthesia. Awareness is an important clinical problem, and Roisen estimates that about 6% of patients are aware during anesthesia. Several modes of monitoring are available to implement the detection of awareness, including the EEG, evoked potentials, lower esophageal contractility, heart rate, blood pressure, or agent concentration.


Near Infrared Spectroscopy Neuromuscular Blocking Agent Total Intravenous Anesthesia Spectral Edge Important Clinical Problem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Ty. Smith
    • 1
  • Ira J. Rampil
    • 2
  1. 1.VA Medical CenterUniversity of CaliforniaUSA
  2. 2.University of CaliforniaUSA

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