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Overview of the general rules for the clinical and pathological study of primary liver cancer in Japan

  • Masayuki Yamamoto
  • Katsuhiko Sugahara

Abstract

The General Rules for the Clinical and Pathological Study of Primary Liver Cancer provides guidelines for case management and research in Japan. These rules were initially published by an individual Cancer Study Group in Japan and some of them were translated into English. In general, most of the information on malignant diseases has come from North America and Europe, but few studies have been forthcoming from Asia. Since primary liver cancer is the third most common malignant disease in Japan and its clinical features are different from those in occidental society, clinical classifications have been established to aide research and treatment.

Keywords

Liver Cancer Liver Resection Transcatheter Arterial Embolization Intrahepatic Bile Duct Primary Liver Cancer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Liver Cancer Study Group of Japan (1983) The General Rules for the Clinical and Pathological Study of Primary Liver Cancer (in Japanese). (1st edn) Kanehara, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Liver Cancer Study Group of Japan (1989) The General Rules for the Clinical and Pathological Study of Primary Liver Cancer. Jpn J Surg: 19: 98–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    The Japanese Society of Gastroenterology (1987) New Trends in Gastroenterology, 1987. Sugahara K, (ed) International Committee of The Japanese Society of Gastroenterology, Tokyo pp 261–338Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    UICC: International Union Against Cancer (1987) TNM Classification of Malignant Tumor (4th edn). Hermanek P, Sobin LH, (eds) Springer-Verlag, Berlin pp 53–55Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Liver Cancer Study Group of Japan (1991) The General Rules for the Clinical and Pathological Study ofPrimary Liver Cancer (in Japanese). (3rd edn) Kanehara, TokyoGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masayuki Yamamoto
    • 1
    • 1
  • Katsuhiko Sugahara
    • 1
    • 1
  1. 1.First Department of SurgeryYamanashi Medical CollegeTamaho-cho, Nakakoma, YamanashiJapan

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