Hydrocephalus: Historical Review

  • Hiromi Sato
  • Satoshi Matsumoto
Conference paper


Although the history of hydrocephalus can be traced back to Hippocrates’ description of external hydrocephalus, the prevailing humoral theory, later institutionalized as Galenism, hindered the recognition of internal hydrocephalus for nearly 2000 years.


Aqueductal Stenosis Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Outflow Resistance External Hydrocephalus Cerebrospinal Fluid Space 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiromi Sato
    • 1
  • Satoshi Matsumoto
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryShizuoka Children’s HospitalShizuoka, 420Japan
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryKobe University School of Medicine, 650Japan

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