Advertisement

Predilection Sites of CNS Lesions

  • Koreaki Mori

Abstract

Most central nervous system lesions are known to have specific sites of predilection. A knowledge of lesions most frequently encountered in each location will facilitate their diagnosis on MRI.

Keywords

Intervertebral Disc Arachnoid Cyst Spinal Cord Tumor Anterior Spinal Artery Choroid Plexus Papilloma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Albert A, Lee BC, Saint-Louis L, Deck MD (1986) MRI of optic chiasm and optic pathways. AJNR 7: 255–258PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson-Berg WT, Strand M, Lempert TE, Rosenbaum AE, Joseph PM (1986) Nuclear magnetic resonance and gamma camera tumor imaging using gadolinium-labeled monoclonal antibodies. J Nucl Med 27: 829–833PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Asakura T, Uetsuhara K (1988) Advances in diagnostic and therapeutic applications of magnetic resonance imaging for CNS lesions. Brain and Nerve 40:451–459 (English abstract)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Atlas SW, Grossman RI, Hackney DB, Gomori JM, Campagna N, Goldberg HI, Bilaniuk LT, Zimmerman RA (1988) Calcified intracranial lesions: detection with gradient-echo-acquisition rapid MR imaging. AJNR 9: 253–259Google Scholar
  5. Awad IA, Spetzler RF, Hodak J A, Awad CA, Williams F Jr, Carey R (1987) Incidental lesions noted on magnetic resonance imaging of the brain: prevalence and clinical significance in various age groups. Neurosurgery 20: 222–227PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Axel L, Morton D (1987) MR flow imaging by velocity-compensated/uncompensated difference images. JCAT 11: 31–34Google Scholar
  7. Babcock EE, Brateman L, Weinreb JC, Horner SD, Nunnally RL (1985) Edge artifacts in MR images: chemical shift effect. JCAT 9: 252–257Google Scholar
  8. Bell RA (1987) Magnetic resonance instrumentation. In: Brant-Zawadzki M. Norman D (eds) Magnetic resonance imaging of the central nervous system. Raven Press, New York, pp 13–22Google Scholar
  9. Bellon EM, Haacke EM, Coleman PE, Sacco DC, Steiger DA, Gangarosa RE (1986) MR artifacts: a review. AJR 147: 1271–1281PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Berquist TH (ed) (1987) Magnetic resonance of the musculoskeletal system. Raven Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. Berry I, Brant-Zawadzki M, Osaki L, Brasch R, Murovic J, Newton TH (1986) Gd-DTPA in clinical MR of the brain: 2 extraaxial lesions and normal structures. AJR 147: 1231–1235PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Bobman SA, Riederer SJ, Lee JN, Tasciyan T, Farzaneh F, Wang HZ (1986) Pulse sequence extrapolation with MR imaging synthesis. Radiology 159: 253–258PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Bradley WG (1987a) Pathophysiologic correlates of signal alterations. In: Brant-Zawadzki M, Norman D (eds) Magnetic resonance imaging of the central nervous system. Raven Press, New York, pp23–42Google Scholar
  14. Bradley WG (1987b) Magnetic resonance appearance of flowing blood and cerebrospinal fluid. In: Brant-Zawadzki M, Norman D (eds) Magnetic resonance imaging of the central nervous system. Raven Press, New York, pp83–96Google Scholar
  15. Bradley WG, Waluch V (1985) Blood flow: Magnetic resonance imaging. Radiology 154: 443–450PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Brant-Zawadzki M (1987) Magnetic resonance imaging: The bare necessities. In: Brant-Zawadzki M, Norman D (eds) Magnetic resonance imaging of the central nervous system. Raven Press, New York, ppl-12Google Scholar
  17. Brant-Zawadzki M, Berry I, Osaki L, Brasch R, Murovic J, Norman D (1986a) Gd-DTPA in clinical MR of the brain: 1. intraaxial lesions; 2. extraaxial lesions. AJNR 7: 781–793Google Scholar
  18. Brant-Zawadzki M, Berry M, Osaki I, Brasch R, Murovic J, Norman D (1986b) Gd-DTPA in clinical MR of the brain: 1. intraaxial lesions. AJR 147: 1223–1230PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Braun IF, Malko JA, Davis PC, Hoffman JC Jr, Jacob LH (1986) The behavior of Pantopaque on MR: in vivo and in vitro analysis. AJNR 7: 997–1001PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Buxton RB, Edelman RR, Rosen BR, Wismer GL, Brady TJ (1987) Contrast in rapid MR imaging: Tl- and T2-weighted imaging. JCAT 11: 7–16Google Scholar
  21. Buxton RB, Wismer GL, Brady TJ, Rosen BR (1986) Quantitative proton chemical shift imaging. Magn Reson Med 3: 881–900PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Bydder GM, Young IR (1985a) MR imaging: clinical use of the inversion recovery sequence. JCAT 9: 659–675Google Scholar
  23. Bydder GM, Young IR (1985b) Clinical use of partial saturation and saturation recovery sequence in MR imaging. JCAT 9: 1020–1032Google Scholar
  24. Bydder GM, Payne JA, Collins AG, Thomas DGT, Davis CH, Cox IJ, Ross BD, Young IR (1987) Clinical use of rapid T2-weighted partial saturation sequences in MR imaging. JCAT 11: 17–23Google Scholar
  25. Claussen C, Laniado M, Schorner W, Niedorf HP, Weinmann HJ, Fiegler W, Felix R (1985) Gadolinium-DTPA in MR imaging of glioblastomas and intracranial metastases. AJNR 6: 669–674PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Cohen MD, McGuire W, Cory DA, Smith JA (1986) MR appearance of blood and blood products: an in vitro study. AJR 146: 1293–1297PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Condon B, Patterson J, Wyper D, Hadley D, Grant R, Teasdale G, Rowan J (1986) The use of magnetic resonance imaging to measure the intracranial cerebrospinal fluid volume. Lancet 1: 1355–1357PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Daniels DL, Pech P, Pojunas KW, Kilgore DP, Williams AL, Haughton VM (1986) Trigeminal nerve: anatomic correlations with MR imaging. Radiology 159: 577–583PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Davis CA, Genant HK, Dunham JS (1986) The effects of bone in proton NMR relaxation times of surrounding liquids. Invest Radiol 21: 472–477PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Di Chiro G, Knop RH, Girton ME, Dwyer AJ, Doppman JL, Patronas NJ, Gansow OA, Brechbiel MW, Brooks RA (1985) MR cisternography and myelography with Gd-DPTA in monkeys. Radiology 157: 373–377PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Dillon WP (1986) Applications of magnetic resonance imaging to the head and neck. Sem Ultrasound 7: 202–215Google Scholar
  32. Drayer B, Burger P, Darwin R, Riederer S, Herfkens R, Johnson GA (1986a) Magnetic resonance imaging of brain iron. AJNR 7: 373–380Google Scholar
  33. Drayer B, Burger P, Darwin R, Riederer S, Herfkens R, Johnson GA (1986b) MRI of brain iron. AJR 147: 103–110PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Dumoulin CL, Hart HR Jr (1986) Magnetic resonance angiography. Radiology 161: 717–720PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Dwyer AJ, Knop RH, Hoult DI (1985) Frequency shift artifacts in MR imaging. JCAT 9: 16–18Google Scholar
  36. Edelman RR, Stark DD, Saini S, Ferrucci JT Jr, Dinsmore RE, Ladd W, Brady TJ (1986) Oblique planes of section in MR imaging. Radiology 159: 807–810PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Ehman RL (1985) MR imaging with surface coils. Radiology 157: 549–550PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Ehman RL, Wesbey GE, Moon KL, Williams RD, McNamara MT, Couet WR, Tozer TN, Brasch RC (1985) Enhanced MRI of tumors utilizing a new nitroxyl spin label contrast agent. Magnetic Resonance Imaging 3: 89–97PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Enzmann DR, Rubin JB, DeLaPaz R, Wright A (1986) Cerebrospinal fluid pulsation: benefits and pitfalls in MR imaging. Radiology 161: 773–778PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Enzmann DR, Rubin JB, Wright A (1987) Use of cerebrospinal fluid gating to improve T2-weighted images, part I. The spinal cord. Radiology 162: 763–767PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Feiglin DH, George CR, Maclntyre WJ, O’Donnell JK, Go RT, Pavlicek W, Meaney TF (1985) Gated cardiac magnetic resonance structural imaging: optimization by electronic axial rotation. Radiology 154: 129–132PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Feinberg DA, Mills CM, Posin JP, Ortendahl DA, Hylton NM, Crooks LE, Watts JC, Kaufman L, Arakawa M (1985) Multiple spin echo magnetic resonance imaging. Radiology 155: 437–442PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Felix R, Schomer W, Laniado M, Niendorf HP, Claussen C, Fiegler W, Speck U (1985) Brain tumors: MR imaging with Gadolinium-DTPA. Radiology 156: 681–688PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Finn EJ, Di Chiro G, Brooks RA, Satto S (1985) Ferromagnetic materials in patients: detection before MR imaging. Radiology 156: 139–141PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Fischer MR, Barker B, Amparo BG (1985) MR imaging using specialized coils. Radiology 157: 443–447Google Scholar
  46. Flannigan BD, Bradley WG Jr, Mazziotta JC, Rauschning W, Bentson JR, Lufkin RB, Hieshima GB (1985) Magnetic resonance imaging of the brainstem: normal structure and basic functional anatomy. Radiology 154: 375–383PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Frahm J, Haase A, Matthaei D (1986) Rapid NMR imaging using the FLASH technique. JCAT 10: 363–368Google Scholar
  48. Gadian DG, Payne JA, Bryant DJ, Young IR, Carr DH, Bydder GM (1985) Gadolinium-DTPA as a contrast agent in MR imaging-theoretical projections and practical observations. JCAT 9: 242–251Google Scholar
  49. Gomori JM, Grossman RI, Goldberg HI, Zimmerman RA, Bilaniuk LT (1985) Intracranial hematomas: imaging by high-field MR. Radiology 157: 87–93PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Gomori JM, Grossman RI (1987) Head and neck hemorrhage. In: Kressel HY (ed) Magnetic resonance annual. Raven Press, New york, pp71–117Google Scholar
  51. Haacke EM, Bearden FH, Clayton JR, Linga NR (1986) Reduction of MR imaging time by the hybrid fast-scan technique. Radiology 158: 521–529PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Hackney DB, Grossman RI, Zimmerman RA, Joseph PM, Goldberg HI, Bilaniuk LT (1986) MR characteristics of iodophendylate (Pantopaque). JCAT 10: 401–403Google Scholar
  53. Haughton VM, Rimm AA, Sobocinski KA, Papke RA, Daniels DL, Williams AL, Lynch R, Levine R (1986) A blinded clinical comparison of MR imaging and CT in neuroradiology. Radiology 160: 751–755PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Hesselink JR, Healey ME, Press GA, Joseph PM, Goldberg HI, Bilaniuk LT (1988) Benefits of Gd-DTPA for MR imaging of intracranial abnormalities. JCAT 12: 266–274Google Scholar
  55. Holland BA, Haas DK, Norman D, Brandt-Zawadzki M, Newton TH (1986) MRI of normal brain maturation. AJNR 7: 201–208PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Holland BA, Kucharczyk W, Brandt-Zawadzki M, Norman D, Haas DA, Harper PS (1985) MR imaging of calcified intracranial lesions. Radiology 157: 353–356PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Hubert DJ, Mueller E, Heubes P (1985) Oblique magnetic resonance imaging of normal structures. AJR 145: 843–846Google Scholar
  58. Huynen CHJN, Ruijs JHJ, Tulleken CAF (1986) MRI of the brain and cervical spine: first choice in the detection of abnormalities. Diag Imag Clin Med 55: 61–65Google Scholar
  59. Iio M, Yoshikawa K (1986) Textbook of brain spinal MRI diagnosis. Bunkodo, Tokyo (Japanese)Google Scholar
  60. Kean DM, Worthington BS, Firth JL, Hawkes RC (1985) The effects of magnetic resonance imaging on different types of microsurgical clips. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 48: 286–287PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Kelly WM (1987) Image artifacts and technical limitations. In: Brant-Zawadzki M, Norman D (eds) Magnetic resonance imaging of the central nervous system. Raven Press, New York, pp43–82Google Scholar
  62. Kilgore DP, Breger RK, Daniels DL, Pojunas KW, Williams AL, Haughton VM (1986) Cranial tissues: normal MR appearance after intravenous injection of Gd-DTPA. Radiology 160: 757–761PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. Kjos BO, Ehman RL, Brant-Zawadzki M, Kelly WM, Norman D, Newton TH (1985) Reproducibility of relaxation times and spin density calculated from MR imaging sequences: clinical study of the CNS. AJNR 6: 271–273Google Scholar
  64. Koehler PR, Haughton VM, Daniels DL, Williams AL, Yetkin Z, Charles HC, Shutts D (1985) MR measurement of normal and pathologic brainstem diameters. AJNR 6: 425–427PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Koenig H, Lenz M, Sauter R (1986) Temporal bone region: high resolution MR imaging using surface coils. Radiology 159: 191–194PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Komiyama M, Yagura H, Baba M, Yasui T, Hakuba A, Nishimura S, Inoue Y (1987) MR imaging: possibility of tissue characterization of brain tumors using T, and T2 values. AJNR 8: 65–70PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Krol G, Galicich J, Arbit E, Sze G, Amster J (1988) Preoperative localization of intracranial lesions on MR. AJNR 9: 513–516PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Kucharczyk W, Brant-Zawadzki M, Lemme-Plaghos L, Uske A, Kjos B, Feinberg DA, Norman D (1985) MR technology: effect of even-echo rephasing on calculated T2 values and T2 images. Radiology 157: 95–101PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. Kucharczyk W, Crawley AP, Kelly WM, Henkelman RM (1988) Effect of multislice interference on image contrast in T2- and T1-weighted MR images. AJNR 9: 443–451PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. Kucharczyk W, Kelly WM, Davis DO, Norman D, Newton TH (1986) Intracranial lesions: flow-related enhancement on MR images using time-of-flight effects. Radiology 161: 767–772PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. Kurauchi M, Murata T, Ezumi Y (1988) MRI contrast medium. Journal of Medical Imagings 8: 450–453 (Japanese)Google Scholar
  72. LeBihan D, Breton E, Lallemand D, Grenier P, Cabanis E, Laval-Jeantet M (1986) MR imaging of intravoxel incoherent motions: applications to diffusion and perfusion in neurologic disorders. Radiology 161: 401–407PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Leksell L, Herner T, Leksell D, Persson B, Lindquist C (1985) Visualisation of stereotactic radiolesions by nuclear magnetic resonance. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 48: 19–20PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Leksell L, Leksell D, Schwebel J (1985) Stereotaxis and nuclear magnetic resonance. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 40: 14–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Lewis CE, Prato FS, Drost DJ, Nicholson RL (1986) Comparison of respiratory triggering and gating techniques for the removal of respiratory artifacts in MR imaging. Radiology 160: 803–810PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. Ludeke KM, Roschmann P, Tischler R (1985) Susceptibility artifacts in NMR imaging. Magn Reson Imaging 3: 329–343PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Lufkin RG, Pusey E, Stark DD, Browii R, Leikind B, Hanafee WN (1986) Boundary artifacts due to truncation errors in MR imaging. AJR 147: 1283–1287PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Lunsford LD, Martinez AJ, Latchaw RE (1986) Stereotaxic surgery with a magnetic resonance and computerized tomography-compatible system. J Neurosurg 64: 872–878PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. MacDonald HL, Bell BA, Smith BA, Smith MA, Kean DM, Tocher JL, Douglas RH, Miller JD, Best JJ (1986) Correlation of human NMR T, values measured in vivo and brain water content. Br J Radiol 59: 355–357PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Mamourian AC, Briggs RW (1986) Appearance of Pantopaque on MR images. Radiology 158: 457–460PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. Mamourian AC, Rhodes RE, Duda J J, Towfighi J, White WS, Page RB, Cunningham DE, Lehman RA (1988) MR-directed brain biopsy: feasibility study. AJNR 9: 510–512PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. McNamara MT (1987) Paramagnetic contrast media for magnetic resonance imaging of the central nervous system. In: Brant-Zawadzki M, Norman D (eds) Magnetic resonance imaging of the central nervous system. Raven Press, New York, pp97–106Google Scholar
  83. Mills TC, Ortendahl DA, Hylton NM, Crooks LE, Carlson JW, Kaufman L (1987) Partial flip angle MR imaging. Radiology 162: 531–539PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. Moseley IF (1986) Diagnostic imaging in neurological disease. Churchill Livingstone. Edinburgh Norman D (1987) Vascular disease: hemorrhage. In: Brant-Zawadzki M, Norman D (eds) Magnetic resonance imaging of the central nervous system. Raven Press, New York, pp221–234Google Scholar
  85. Oot RF, New PFJ, Pile-Spellman J, Rosen BR, Shoukimas GM, Davis KR (1986) The detection of intracranial calcification by MR. AJNR 7: 801–809PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. Perman WH, Moran PR, Moran RA, Bernstein MA (1986) Artifacts from pulsatile flow in MR imaging. JCAT 10: 473–483Google Scholar
  87. Perman WH, Turski PA, Houston LW, Glover GH, Hayes CE (1986) Methodology of in vivo human sodium MR imaging at 1.5 T. Radiology 160: 811–820PubMedGoogle Scholar
  88. Quencer RM, Hinks RS, Pattany PH, Hören M, Post MJD (1988) Improved MR imaging of the brain by using compensating gradients to suppress motion-induced artifacts. AJNR 9: 431–438Google Scholar
  89. Roschmann P, Tischler R (1986) Surface coil proton MR imaging at 2T. Radiology 161: 251–255PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. Schenck JF, Foster TH, Henkes JL, Adams WJ, Hayes C, Hart HR Jr, Edelstein WA, Bottomley PA, Wehrli FW (1985) High-field surface coil MR imaging of localized anatomy. AJNR 6: 181–186PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. Schick RM, Wismer GL, Davis KR (1988) Magnetic susceptibility effects secondary to out-of-plane air in fast MR scanning. 9: 439–442Google Scholar
  92. Schmiedl U, Ogan M, Paajamen H, Marotti M, Crooks LE, Brito AC, Brash RC (1987) Albumin labeled with Gd-DTPA as an intravascular, blood pool-enhancing agent for MR imaging: biodistribution and imaging studies. Radiology 162: 205–210PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Shaw D (1987) Principles, methodology and applications of biomedical magnetic resonance. In: Wehrli FW, Shaw D, Kneeland B (eds) Chapter 1. VCH Publishers, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  94. Shellock FG, Crues JV (1987) Temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure changes associated with clinical MR imaging at 1.5T. Radiology 163: 259–262PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. Sherman JL, Citrin CM (1986) Magnetic resonance demonstration of normal CSF flow. AJNR 7: 3–6PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. Sherman JL, Citrin CM, Gangarosa RE, Bowen BJ (1986) The MR of CSF pulsations in the spinal canal. AJNR 7: 879–884PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. Soulen RL, Budinger TF, Higgins CB (1985) Magnetic resonance imaging of prosthetic heart valves. Radiology 154: 705–707PubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. Stack JP, Antoun NM, Jenkins JPR, Metcalfe R, Isherwood I. (1988) Gado- linium-DTPA as a contrast agent in magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. Neuroradiology 30: 145–154PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Stark DD, Bradley WG (eds) (1988) Magnetic resonance imaging. Mosby, Saint LouisGoogle Scholar
  100. Sze G, De Armond SJ, Brant-Zawadzki M, Davis RL, Norman D, Newton TH (1986) Foci of MRI signal (pseudolesions) anterior to the frontal horns: histologic correlations of a normal finding. AJR 147: 331–337PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. Takemoto K, Inoue Y, Hashimoto H, Shyakudo M, Matsumura Y, Nemoto Y, Fukuda T, Onoyama T, Hakuba A, Yagura H, Baba M (1985) Clinical experience of Gadolinium-DTPA: contrast enhanced MR imaging. Jpn J Clin Radiol 31:795–801 (English abstract)Google Scholar
  102. Thomas DGT, Davis CH, Ingram S, Olney JS, Bydder GM, Young IR (1986) Stereotaxic biopsy of the brain under MR imaging control. AJNR 7: 161–163PubMedGoogle Scholar
  103. Tsurada JS, Bradley WG (1987) MR detection of intracranial calcification: a phantom study. AJNR 8: 1049–1055Google Scholar
  104. von Schulthess GK, Higgings CB (1985) Blood flow imaging with MR: spinphase phenomena. Radiology 157: 687–695Google Scholar
  105. Walker MF, Souza SP, Dumoulin CL (1988) Quantitative flow measurement in phase contrast MR angiography. JCAT 12: 304–313Google Scholar
  106. Wiener SN, Pzeszotarski MS, Droege RT, Pearlstein AE, Shafron M (1985) Measurement of pituitary gland height with MR imaging. AJNR 6: 717–722PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. Wismer GL, Buxton RB, Rosen BR, Fisel CR, Oot RF, Brady TJ, Davis KR (1988) Susceptibility induced MR line broadening: applications to brain iron mapping. JCAT 12: 259–265Google Scholar
  108. Wolf GL, Joseph PM, Goldstein EJ (1987) Optimal pulsing sequences for MR contrast agents. AJR 147: 367–371Google Scholar
  109. Yoshikawa K (1987) Sufficient knowledge of MRI, necessary for neurosurgeons. Neurological Surgery 15: 365–372 (English abstract)Google Scholar
  110. Young IR, Khenia S, Thomas DGT, Davis CH, Gadian DG, Cox IJ, Ross BD, Bydder GM (1987) Clinical magnetic susceptibility mapping of the brain. JCAT 11: 2–6Google Scholar
  111. Zimmerman RA, Bilaniuk LT, Johnson MG, Hershey B, Jaffe S, Gomori JM, Goldberg HI, Grossman RI (1986) MRI of central nervous system: early clinical results. AJNR 7: 587–594PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. Zimmerman RD, Fleming CA, Lee BCP, Saint-Louis LA, Deck MDF (1986) Periventricular hyperintensity as seen by magnetic resonance: prevalence and significance. AJNR 7: 13–20Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Koreaki Mori
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryKochi Medical SchoolKohasu, Okoh-cho, Nankoku, Kochi, 783Japan

Personalised recommendations