Crystal Chemistry of the Copper Oxide Based High Temperature Superconductors
The copper oxide based superconductors all display crystal structures which are derivatives of the perovskite and sodium chloride structures. The special geometric characteristics of copper-oxygen bonding result in the formation of many complex ternary and quaternary compounds. The superconductors fall into several broad classes of structures, called homologous series: which are described here. The general formulae derived allow one to predict the crystal structures and compositions of presently unknown materials which would be related to known superconductors.
KeywordsCopper Oxide Homologous Series Coordination Polyhedron Secondary Structural Element Formal Valence
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