The Paraneuron pp 235-244 | Cite as

Visual Cells in the Retina

  • Tsuneo Fujita
  • Tomio Kanno
  • Shigeru Kobayashi


The fundamental structures of the retina and visual cells in relation to their functions were established by the endeavor of light microscopists (e.g., Hannover 1840; Polyak 1941, 1957; Walls 1942). The application of electron-microscopic techniques to this field markedly enriched this knowledge, revealing the subcellular structures of visual cells and their synaptic relations to other nervous elements (Sjöstrand 1953a, b, 1956, 1961; Moody and Robertson 1960; Tokuyasu and Yamada 1959; Nilsson 1965; for further references: see Dunn 1973; Ehinger 1982).


Outer Segment Bipolar Cell Amacrine Cell Horizontal Cell Visual Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tsuneo Fujita
    • 1
  • Tomio Kanno
    • 2
  • Shigeru Kobayashi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of AnatomyUniversity of Niigata School of MedicineNiigataJapan
  2. 2.Department of Physiology Faculty of Veterinary MedicineHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  3. 3.Department of AnatomyYamanashi Medical CollegeTamaho,YamanashiJapan

Personalised recommendations